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Recently, microRNAs, involved in RNA interference, were discovered as a new gene regulation, with little is known in the filed of toxicology. In this study, a toxic dose of acetaminophen or carbon tetrachloride was administered singly to male rats, and microarry analysis using mirVana miRNA bioarray was performed. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis(More)
Predictive biomarkers of testicular toxicity are needed for an efficient development of drugs. The purpose of the present study was to obtain further insight into the toxicity mechanisms of various male reproductive toxicants and to detect genomic biomarkers for rapid screening of testicular toxicity. Four reproductive toxicants, 2,5-hexanedione (Sertoli(More)
Previously, we reported that decreased epididymal expression of CD59 and decay accelerating factor (DAF) genes may affect sperm motility and the acrosome reaction in rats treated long-term (28 days) with sulfasalazine. To investigate the early effects of sulfasalazine on the male reproductive tract, we presently examined sperm motility, the acrosome(More)
The possible mechanisms for shortening prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were investigated using citrated plasma from rats and dogs in vitro, especially focusing on increased fibrinogen concentrations. When purified canine fibrinogen was added to citrated canine plasma at final concentrations of 2, 4 and 8 mg/mL, PT and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a telemetry system for examining QT evaluation in the conscious free-moving guinea pig using 10 reference compounds whose effects on human QT interval are well established: 8 positive references (bepridil, terfenadine, cisapride, haloperidol, pimozide, quinidine, E-4031 and thioridazine), and 2 negative references(More)
For the establishment of a high throughput screening system using primary cell cultures, investigation of elucidated toxicities to assess the correlation between in vitro and in vivo hepatotoxicity is necessary in the safety evaluation of the compound. In the previous study, we reported the usability of rat primary cultured hepatocytes for establishment of(More)
INTRODUCTION Guinea pigs are suitable for in vivo QT assessment of newly discovered drugs at the pre-clinical stage because of the ease with which these animals can be handled, the lower amount of compound required for testing, and the similarity of the ion channels between the guinea pig heart and the human. Our purpose was to provide detailed(More)
The effects of drugs on the QT interval should be evaluated precisely in the early stages of drug development because QT prolongation can trigger the so-called torsades de pointes, a life-threatening polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. It has been reported that the QT interval is affected by autonomic nervous tone besides the heart rate. In this study, we(More)
The present study was undertaken to estimate the usefulness of genomic approaches to predict hepatotoxicity. Male rats were treated with acetaminophen (APAP), carbon tetrachloride (CCL), amiodarone (AD) or tetracycline (TC) at toxic doses. Their livers were extracted 6 or 24 hr after the dosings and were used for subsequent examinations. At 6 hr there were(More)
In the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus, missing distal parts of amputated legs are regenerated from blastemas based on positional information. The Dachsous/Fat (Ds/Ft) signaling pathway regulates blastema cell proliferation and positional information along the longitudinal axis during leg regeneration. Herein, we show that the Gryllus homologue of Lowfat(More)