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Among 83 actinomycete strains isolated from lake sediments, about half were found to lyse cyanobacteria. One (S-9 strain), identified as Streptomyces phaeofaciens, grew well on lawns of living cyanobacteria and rapidly lysed the cyanobacterial cells. The amino acid, L-lysine, secreted by this isolate, was found to be one cause of lysis. Scanning electron(More)
We developed 12 polymorphic microsatellite markers from a salt-marsh sedge Carex rugulosa. The number of alleles per locus ranged from two to four, with an average of 2.75. The observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.067 to 0.600 and from 0.128 to 0.620, respectively. These simple sequence repeat markers will allow the identification of genets(More)
In order to evaluate the effects of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on eubacterial community composition, we examined the tolerance of eubacterial phylotypes to solar UV radiation in surface waters of the western North Pacific during September 2005. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), a halogenated thymine analogue, was used for labeling newly synthesized DNA in(More)
The effects of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on the development of a periphyton community were studied in an outdoor artificial stream apparatus. Algal biomass, species composition, and bacterial cell density were measured under full sunlight and non-UVR (photosynthetically active radiation [PAR]-only) conditions. Attachment of algae was detected on(More)
Uncultured bacteria affiliated with the CL500-11 cluster (phylum Chloroflexi) were first reported from the oxygenated hypolimnion of Crater Lake (USA) as a predominant bacterioplankton, although this dominance has not been reported in other environments. In this study, we showed that CL500-11 is also dominant in the oxygenated hypolimnion of Lake Biwa(More)
We estimated the grazing impact of the heterotrophic flagellate Collodictyon triciliatum on the harmful, bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa in an experimental pond during a Microcystis bloom from summer to winter in 2010. For these experiments, we calculated the grazing rates from the digestion rate of C. triciliatum and its food vacuole(More)
Kinetoplastid flagellates, microscopically often detected from various aquatic environments and considered ubiquitous are seldom reported in molecular diversity studies with universal eukaryote DNA primers. To investigate this inconsistency, we examined nanoflagellate diversity in Lake Biwa, Japan by 18S rRNA gene clone libraries using universal eukaryote(More)
I tested the effect of the density of attached bacteria on the amount of algal immigration in the early development of a periphyton community in an artificial stream by manipulating the density of the attached bacteria. Three densities were prepared by regulation of the incubation time. A suspension of algae was added to the stream, and the degree of algal(More)
Microcystis aeruginosa is one of the bloom-forming harmful algae in freshwater ecosystems. We genetically characterized Microcystis populations during bloom-forming periods in various reservoirs, lakes, and ponds in Japan during 2009. Using phylogenetic analysis, we evaluated the relationship between current genotype expansions and geographic location(More)
Nine microsatellite loci were isolated and characterized from the clonal salt-marsh sedge Carex scabrifolia, and genetic diversities within four populations were analyzed. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 2 to 7, with an average of 4.7. The observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.000 to 1.000 and 0.000 to 0.679, respectively. In two(More)