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RATIONALE Acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a syndrome characterized by pulmonary surfactant accumulation occurring in association with granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor autoantibodies (autoimmune PAP) or as a consequence of another disease (secondary PAP). Because PAP is rare, prior reports were based on limited patient(More)
BACKGROUND Disruption of granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) signalling causes pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Rarely, genetic defects in neonatal or infant-onset PAP have been identified in CSF2RA. However, no report has clearly identified any function-associated genetic defect in CSF2RB. METHODS AND RESULTS The patient was(More)
RATIONALE Inhaled granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a promising therapy for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) but has not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVES To evaluate safety and efficacy of inhaled GM-CSF in patients with unremitting or progressive PAP. METHODS We conducted a national, multicenter, self-controlled, phase(More)
An inflammation of the airway of patients with diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB), is characterized by dense neutrophil infiltration. Resolution of the inflammation can be achieved by the removal of apoptotic neutrophils by human alveolar macrophages (AM) without liberating neutrophil proteases in the airway. To understand clinical efficacy for the treatment of(More)
A 14-member macrolide was found to inhibit interleukin-8 (IL-8) synthesis in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated neutrophils but did not accelerate apoptosis in activated neutrophils. These data suggest that 14-member macrolides achieve clinical efficacy for chronic airway diseases partly by suppressing IL-8 production by activated neutrophils, but not by(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (aPAP) by subcutaneous injection or inhaled therapy of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has been demonstrated to be safe and efficacious in several reports. However, some reports of subcutaneous injection described transient benefit in most instances. The durability(More)
A 43-year-old woman with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) was successfully treated with living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT). The patient's PAP had been diagnosed at age 35. She had been treated with repeated bronchoalveolar lavage and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) inhalation therapy despite having no serum(More)
A 67-year-old woman, suffering from continuous hemoptysis, was admitted to our hospital where she was managed with mechanical ventilation. Computed tomography of the chest demonstrated bilateral massive alveolar hemorrhage without evidence of infectious disease. She was diagnosed with anti-myeloperoxidase antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody(More)
OBJECTIVE The advantage of transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) with a guide sheath (GS) over TBB without EBUS guidance was investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective chart review was conducted at Nagasaki University Hospital, Japan. Data were collected from all cases of peripheral pulmonary lesions(More)