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Notch signaling components such as the basic helix-loop-helix gene Hes1 are cyclically expressed by negative feedback in the presomitic mesoderm (PSM) and constitute the somite segmentation clock. Because Hes1 oscillation occurs in many cell types, this clock may regulate the timing in many biological systems. Although the Hes1 oscillator is stable in the(More)
Serum response has been used as a model for studying signaling transduction for many biological events such as cell proliferation and survival. Although expression of many genes is up- or down-regulated after serum stimulation, the Notch effector Hes1 displays oscillatory response. However, the precise mechanism and biological significance of this(More)
Flexibility of chloroplast thylakoid membrane proteins is essential for plant fitness and survival under fluctuating light environments. Phosphorylation of light-harvesting antenna complex II (LHCII) is known to induce dynamic protein reorganization that fine-tunes the rate of energy conversion in each photosystem. However, molecular details of how LHCII(More)
The crystal structure of a polymorph of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) grown on a KCl substrate is redetermined by transmission electron diffraction. It has a triclinic unit cell containing one molecule; the crystal does not have a herringbone-type molecular arrangement, which is a common packing mode of planar phthalocyanines. The molecular packing is(More)
We present a model to describe the on-off switching of transcriptional activity in a genetic assembly by considering the intrinsic characteristics of a giant genomic DNA molecule which can undergo a discrete structural transition between coiled and compact states. We propose a model in which the transition in the higher-order structure of DNA plays an(More)
Understanding the basic mechanism of the spatio-temporal self-control of genome-wide gene expression engaged with the complex epigenetic molecular assembly is one of major challenges in current biological science. In this study, the genome-wide dynamical profile of gene expression was analyzed for MCF-7 breast cancer cells induced by two distinct ErbB(More)
We investigated the self-oscillating behaviors of two types of polymer chains induced by the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. One consisted of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) and the Ru catalyst of the BZ reaction, and the other consisted of NIPAAm, the Ru catalyst, and acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid (AMPS) with a negatively charged domain as a(More)
By utilizing a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D), we directly observed the self-oscillating behavior of a polymer chain induced by the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. We succeeded in measuring self-oscillations of the resonance frequency (Δf) and dissipation (ΔD), which originate in the self-oscillating behavior of the polymer chain(More)
We observed single DNA molecules by fluorescence microscopy to clarify the effect of protamine on their higher-order structure. With an increase in the protamine concentration, the conformation of DNA molecules changes from an elongated coil state to a compact state through an intermediate state. Furthermore, the long-axis length of DNA gradually decreases(More)