Yoshiko Takai

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In smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from the bovine ciliary body, effects of carbachol (CCh) on the membrane potential and current were examined by the whole-cell clamp method. The resting membrane potential of the muscle cells used was -60 +/- 1 mV (n = 111). Extracellular application of CCh (2 microM) depolarized the cells to -15 +/- 5 mV (n = 50)(More)
In the ciliary muscle, the tonic contraction requires a sustained influx of Ca2+ through the cell membrane. However, little has hitherto been known about the route(s) of Ca2+ influx in this tissue that lacks voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. To identify ion channels as the Ca2+ entry pathway we studied the effects of carbachol (CCh) on freshly isolated bovine(More)
1 In the bovine ciliary muscle, stimulation of muscarinic receptors with carbachol (CCh) opens two types of non-selective cation channels (NSCCS and NSCCL) with widely different unitary conductances (100 fS and 35 pS). Here we examined the dependence of the activity of NSCCS on the agonist (CCh) concentration by whole-cell voltage clamp in freshly isolated(More)
To evaluate the refractive characteristics of adults diagnosed with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) treated with ablation treatment as children, we measured best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, logMAR), spherical equivalent refraction (SER), axial length (AL), lens thickness (LT), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and the corneal curvature radius (CCR) from 46(More)
PURPOSE To examine the usefulness of the Bagolini Striated Glasses Test to identify patients with a lesion of the optic chiasm. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Twelve patients who were diagnosed with a lesion of the optic chiasm by MRI were examined with the Bagolini Striated Glasses Test. Discrepancies of the test between monocular and binocular conditions were(More)
Regarding the changing trends in the concept, definition, etiological classification, and criteria for diagnosis of amblyopia, we reviewed a total of 4,693 cases of amblyopia seen during the past 37 years. The amblyopia was divided into four types: strabismic, anisometropic, ametropic, and form vision deprivative. There was a definite trend for the(More)
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