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A novel estrogen receptor, estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta), has recently been cloned from a rat prostate cDNA library. In bone, which is an important target tissue of estrogen, ER alpha has been reported to be present preferentially in osteoblasts, but the mechanism of action of estrogen in bone is still not known. In the present study, we examined(More)
Estrogen deficiency caused by ovariectomy (OVX) results in a marked bone loss due to stimulated bone resorption by osteoclasts. During our investigations of the pathogenesis of bone loss in estrogen deficiency, we found that OVX selectively stimulates B-lymphopoiesis which results in marked accumulation of B220-positive pre-B cells in mouse bone marrow. To(More)
We explored factors that contributed to bone mineral density (BMD) in Japanese young women by quantifying the factors related to BMD. Between October 2003 and February 2004, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to study the status of nutritional intake and physical activity, and evaluated the various physical and serum parameters in relation to BMD.(More)
Estrogen deficiency causes a marked bone loss by stimulating osteoclastic bone resorption. To explore the endogenous bone-resorbing factors involved in estrogen deficiency, we examined the bone-resorbing activity present in the supernatant fraction of mouse bone marrow collected from ovariectomized (OVX) mice. Adding bone marrow supernatants at 20-80% to(More)
We have found that an estrogen deficiency causes a marked increase in bone marrow cells. To examine the effect of estrogen on hemopoiesis, we characterized the increased population of bone marrow cells after ovariectomy (OVX). In OVX mice, the percentage of myeloid cells and granulocytes was decreased, whereas that of B220-positive B lymphocytes was(More)
Estrogen deficiency caused by ovariectomy (OVX) results in a marked bone loss because of stimulated bone resorption. We have reported that OVX selectively stimulates B lymphopoiesis in mouse bone marrow, which is somehow related to bone resorption. Estrogen prevents both the increased B lymphopoiesis and the bone resorption caused by estrogen deficiency.(More)
Activated T cells secrete the cytokine IL-13, which regulates inflammatory and immune responses. To explore the role of IL-13 in bone metabolism, we examined the effects of the cytokine on bone resorption and PG synthesis in osteoblasts. IL-13 suppressed the bone-resorbing activity stimulated by IL-1 alpha, which was determined by the release of 45Ca from(More)
We explored factors that could serve as indices for therapeutic intervention aimed at prevention of osteoporosis. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the timing of peak bone mass (PBM) in 1,322 Japanese women aged 12-30 years old. We measured height, body weight, bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), and bone area at the lumbar(More)
Genistein, an isoflavone abundantly present in soybeans, has structural similarity to estrogen, suggesting that genistein may act as a phytoestrogen. To examine the possible role of genistein in hemopoiesis and bone metabolism, female mice were either sham-operated or ovariectomized (OVX), and selected OVX mice were administered genistein for 2-4 weeks(More)