Yoshiko N. Tobari

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Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
The sequencing of the 12 genomes of members of the genus Drosophila was taken as an opportunity to reevaluate the genetic and physical maps for 11 of the species, in part to aid in the mapping of assembled scaffolds. Here, we present an overview of the importance of cytogenetic maps to Drosophila biology and to the concepts of chromosomal evolution.(More)
Two large, stable populations (Texas and Japan) of Drosophila melanogaster were surveyed at 21 allozyme loci on the second and third chromosomes and for chromosomal gene arrangements on those two chromosomes. Over 220 independent gametes were sampled from each population. The types and frequencies of the surveyed genetic variation are similar to those(More)
The tom element, putatively associated with optic morphology (Om) mutations in Drosophila ananassae, was identified as a retrovirus-like transposable element. The tom element was found to terminate with 475 (or 474) base pair direct repeats which are identical in sequence to each other. Southern blot and heteroduplex analyses showed the tom element to have(More)
We have prepared reference polytene photographic maps as a standard sequence for the Drosophila bipectinata complex using structurally homozygous flies derived from a stock of Drosophila parabipectinata from Brunei, Borneo, in 1971. We found 87 inversions in the D. bipectinata complex and described their breakpoints on the reference maps. Only 2(More)
Cytogenetic studies of recombination in males of Drosophila ananassae were carried out by examining F1 males derived from the mating of marker females, b se; bri ru of the BS stock, with males of two wild strains, TNG and L8. The male recombination values in both sections b-se (chromosome 2) and bri-ru (chromosome 3) are high in TNG F1 but extremely low in(More)
The frequencies of a polymorphic inversion, In(2L)t, and of Adh and alphaGpdh alleles were analyzed in three natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster from Japan. Significant positive correlations between the frequencies of In(2L)t and Adh(S) or alphaGpdh(F) were detected due to tight linkage. An analysis of correlation with latitude showed that the(More)
Drosophila ananassae and its relatives have many advantages as a model of genetic differentiation and speciation. In this report, we examine evolutionary relationships in the ananassae species subgroup using a multi-locus molecular data set, karyotypes, meiotic chromosome configuration, chromosomal inversions, morphological traits, and patterns of(More)
Semidominant, optic morphology (Om) mutants in Drosophila ananassae have been genetically mapped to at least 25 loci throughout the genome (Hinton, 1984; 1988). Among them, four X-linked Om mutants were proved to be associated with the insertion of a transposable element, tom (Shrimpton et al., 1986; Tanda et al., 1988). In the present study, cytological(More)
Optic morphology (Om) mutations in Drosophila ananassae map to at least 22 loci scattered throughout the genome. They are semidominant, neomorphic, nonpleiotropic, and are associated with the insertion of a retrotransposon, tom. The Om(1A) gene, which is cytogenetically linked to the cut locus, was cloned using a DNA fragment of the cut locus of Drosophila(More)