Yoshiko Kashiwabara

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Sequences of the folP1, rpoB, and gyrA genes were analyzed for 88 isolates of Mycobacterium leprae from leprosy patients in Japan, Haiti, Indonesia, Pakistan, and the Philippines. Thirteen isolates (14.8%) showed representative mutations in more than two genes, suggesting the emergence of multidrug-resistant M. leprae.
The genetic diversity and related global distribution of 51 Mycobacterium leprae isolates were studied. Isolates were obtained from leprosy patients from 12 geographically distinct regions of the world and two were obtained from nonhuman sources. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by DNA sequencing was performed targeting the rpoT gene of M. leprae.(More)
The phospholipid deacylating enzyme was solubilized from the particulate (membrane) fraction of Mycobacterium lepraemurium with Triton X-100 and sodium cholate, and purified 1100-fold to homogeneous state by 5 steps of column chromatography: DE-52, PL-Sepharose (phosphatidylserine-attached sepharose), Mono P, heparin-Agarose and Mono Q column(More)
The nucleotide sequence analysis of the dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) gene of six diaminodiphenylsulfone-resistant Mycobacterium leprae strains revealed that the mutation was limited at highly conserved amino acid residues 53 or 55. Though the mutation at amino acid residue 55 or its homologous site has been reported in other bacteria, the mutation at(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxin has been proposed to play a primary role in ALD, by initiating an inflammatory cascade within the liver. Although the source of these cytokines has been presumed to be circulating monocytes or tissue macrophages, ethanol-induced, nonhepatic sources of soluble mediators recently have been identified. One potential, but not clearly(More)
Mycobacterium leprae were isolated from a Japanese patient, and susceptibility to antileprosy drugs was examined by the mouse foot pad method. The isolate was susceptible to clofazimine and clarithromycin, and resistant to dapsone, rifampin, ofloxacin and sparfloxacin. Mutations were identified in the genes associated with resistance to these drugs. The(More)
46 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded skin biopsy specimens, which were clinically suspected or diagnosed as early leprosy, were retrieved from the files of Sichuan, China from 1997 to 1999. All of them were examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using the primers amplifying the 130 base-pair fragment of the gene from the 16S ribosomal RNA of(More)
Nucleotide sequences of domain V and domain II regions of the 23S rRNA gene were determined in both in vitro-made mutants and clinical isolates of Mycobacterium avium and M. intracellulare conferring clarithromycin-resistance. All laboratory-made mutants showed high level resistance to clarithromycin (> 150 micrograms ml-1) and mutation at position 2058(More)
A novel Mycobacterium leprae lipoprotein LpK (accession no. ML0603) was identified from the genomic database. The 1,116-bp open reading frame encodes a 371-amino-acid precursor protein with an N-terminal signal sequence and a consensus motif for lipid conjugation. Expression of the protein, LpK, in Escherichia coli revealed a 33-kDa protein, and metabolic(More)