Yoshiko Ishida

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BACKGROUND Serum folate concentration is lower in individuals with the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677TT genotype than in those with the MTHFR 677CC or 677CT genotypes. Since studies considering folate intake are limited, we examined the association between folate intake and serum folate levels, according to the genotype. METHODS The(More)
The Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study launched in 2005 by ten research groups throughout Japan aimed to examine gene-environment interactions in lifestyle-related diseases, especially cancers. This paper describes one component of the J-MICC Study, named Shizuoka Study, in which visitors aged 35 to 69 years to the Seirei(More)
BACKGROUND Lansoprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin are commonly used drugs for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). A few studies reported that the eradication rate was influenced by the functional polymorphism of CYP2C19, whose product metabolizes proton pomp inhibitors including lansoprazole. METHODS This study examined the eradication(More)
CA19-9, a marker for cancers of biliary tract, pancreas and colorectum, is not synthesized in those with no enzyme activity genotype (le/le) of Lewis (Le) gene. No enzyme activity genotype (se/se) of secretor (Se) gene is known to have an association with high serum CA19-9 levels. There are also variations in serum CA19-9 levels independent of the(More)
Studies of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) I/D polymorphism have provided evidence that the D/D genotype is associated with gastric tumor progression and numbers of lymph node metastases, but not with the overall risk of gastric cancer. The highest levels of circulating and tissue ACE activity were found in carriers of the D/D genotype. Here, we(More)
Recent studies have suggested that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection might be a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Since the bacterium has not been isolated from atherosclerotic lesions, a direct role in atherogenesis is not plausible. We examined associations of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) and serum folate, independent risk factors for(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in gastric mucosa may cause systemic inflammatory reaction. This study aimed to examine the association between the infection and serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). METHODS Subjects were comprised of three groups; 453 health checkup examinees from Yakumo town inhabitants in Hokkaido,(More)
BACKGROUND A recently identified promoter polymorphism of the endotoxin receptor (CD14 C-159T) was shown to be associated with atherosclerotic diseases such as myocardial infarction. This study was conducted to determine whether this polymorphism is associated with decreased kidney function. METHODS A total of 281 male and 522 female health check-up(More)
Cohort studies commonly store blood samples to measure the associations of biomarkers with disease risks for a long time after the study subjects are enrolled. To obtain valid measurements of the stored samples, monitoring their degree of deterioration is essential. The first stage of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori, especially the cytotoxin-associated antigen A (cagA)-positive strains, plays a crucial role in the development of gastric atrophy and gastric cancer. CagA delivered into gastric epithelial cells combines with src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP-2), possibly leading to atrophy/cancer. Our(More)