Yoshiko Fujikawa

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Visceral obesity is commonly involved in the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, other characteristic factors different from visceral obesity are associated with the pathogenesis of NAFLD. We investigated the prevalence of GERD symptoms in patients with NAFLD and its(More)
To elucidate the role of autonomic nervous system in functional dyspepsia patients, we examined 24-h heart rate variability: the basal levels, responses after lunch, cold pressor and mental arithmetic tests, and the efficacy of an autonomic drug (tofisopam). The high-frequency component (HF: 0.15-0.40 Hz) and the ratio of HF to the low-frequency component(More)
AIM Enteric glial cells (EGCs) modulate colonic motility in a maternal separation model. We aimed to investigate structural changes in gastric EGC and gastric emptying as responses to maternal separation and acute adulthood stress in rats to elucidate the pathophysiological roles of gastric EGC. MAIN METHODS As a chronic stress, we subjected male Wistar(More)
The present study aimed at understanding the effects of arachidonic acid peroxides on neuronal cell death using the mouse neuroblastoma cell line, Neuro-2A cells. Arachidonic acid peroxides were produced by ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV-radiated arachidonic acid significantly reduced Neuro-2A cell viability at concentrations of more than 0.1 muM, with(More)
A 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with Stage IV gastric cancer with lymph node and multiple liver metastases. She was treated with 6 courses of chemotherapy, in 3-week courses, with capecitabine (1,000 mg/m/(2)) plus cisplatin(80 mg/m(2)) administered for 2 weeks, followed by a drug-free week. She underwent curative total gastrectomy with D2 lymph node(More)
In patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), mild duodenal inflammation correlates with increased mucosal permeability. Enteric glial cells can produce glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to repair disrupted epithelial barrier function. We examined the role of duodenal GDNF in FD pathophysiology and its association with dyspeptic symptoms.(More)
Objective In symptom-dependent diseases such as functional dyspepsia (FD), matching the pattern of epigastric symptoms, including severity, kind, and perception site, between patients and physicians is critical. Additionally, a comprehensive examination of the stomach, duodenum, and pancreas is important for evaluating the origin of such symptoms. Methods(More)
Deficiency of prostaglandins (PGs) by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) causes a loss of gastroduodenal mucosal integrity, leading to development of ulceration. PG derivatives such as misoprostol and enprostil have been proven effective in prevention and treatment of NSAIDs-induced gastroduodenal ulcers. Although side effects such as diarrhea(More)
AIM To evaluate short-term outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted colectomy (LAC) in elderly patients with colorectal carcinoma. METHODS A total of 289 colorectal cancer patients underwent LAC between 2008 and 2013. They were divided into an elderly group (<80 years of age, group E), and a younger group (<80 years of age, group Y). The treatment results,(More)