Yoshiko Arimitsu

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Lipids and fatty acids of Leptospira interrogans serovar copenhageni virulent strain Shibaura were analyzed by thin-layer chromatography, gas-liquid chromatography, gas-mass spectrometry and infrared absorption spectrometry. The virulent cells possessed a characteristic lipid pattern consisting of free fatty acid (FFA) (41.8%), one major unidentified(More)
We have developed a one-point microcapsule agglutination test (MCAT) for the serodiagnosis of leptospirosis. The MCAT kit was evaluated for use in humans by six WHO Collaborating Centres for Reference and Research on Leptospirosis. The laboratories classified their serum samples on the basis of the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) and the following(More)
A passive microcapsule agglutination test for the diagnosis of leptospirosis was developed by utilizing chemically stable microcapsules instead of sheep erythrocytes. In the test, sonically disrupted antigens of leptospira were sensitized to microcapsules treated with glutaraldehyde. Compared with the microscopic agglutination test, the passive microcapsule(More)
A total of 270 serum samples collected in Chiang Mai province were examined for antibodies against leptospira using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Four of 40 serum specimens from patients who visited the hospital with the common cold, were positive with a titre of 20. Twelve (10.4%) of the 115 samples in the Doi Saket district showed a positive(More)
Sonically disrupted cells from avirulent strain Shibaura of Leptospira interrogans serovar copenhageni induced a skin reaction characterized by infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) associated with some edema in guinea pigs. To determine the substance inducing infiltration of PMN, lipids of avirulent strain Shibaura were extracted with(More)
Experimental leptospirosis with Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae Shibaura strain was studied in guinea pigs. When the pathogen was inoculated intracutaneously to the back of the animals, localized haemorrhage was observed at the inoculated site before the appearance of general haemorrhage. The severity of the local lesion increased progressively until the 7th(More)
The genomic DNA fragment which contains ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes for Treponema phagedenis was cloned into bacteriophage vector lambda EMBL3. A restriction map of the fragment was constructed and the organization of the rRNA genes was determined. The fragment contained at least one copy of the 16S, 23S and 5S sequences and the genes are arranged in the(More)
A method for estimating the leptospiricidal activity of therapeutic antiserum for Weil's disease was improved by using the intracutaneous method in guinea pigs. The neutralization curves between the leptospiral suspensions for challenge and the antisera were shown to be linear over a wide range of the dosis of the pathogen. Although the reproducibility of(More)