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Bacterial communities in crude-oil samples from Japanese oil stockpiles were investigated by 16S rRNA gene cloning, followed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis. 16S rRNA genes were successfully amplified by PCR after isooctane treatment from three kinds of crude-oil sample collected at four oil stockpiles in Japan. DGGE profiles(More)
Rhodococcus erythropolis N9T-4, which was isolated from crude oil, showed extremely oligotrophic growth and formed its colonies on a minimal salt medium solidified using agar or silica gel without any additional carbon source. N9T-4 did not grow under CO(2)-limiting conditions but could grow on a medium containing NaHCO(3) under the same conditions,(More)
(S)-N-Benzyl-3-pyrrolidinol is widely used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals as a chiral building block. We produced 30 mM (S)-N-benzyl-3-pyrrolidinol (enantiometric excess > 99.9%) from the corresponding ketone N-benzyl-3-pyrrolidinone with more than 99.9% yield in 28 h of the resting-cell reaction of Geotrichum capitatum JCM 3908. NAD(+)-dependent(More)
Astaxanthin possesses higher antioxidant activity than other carotenoids and, for this and other reasons, has great commercial potential for use in the aquaculture, pharmaceutical, and food industries. The basidiomycetous yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is one of the best natural producers of astaxanthin, but wild-type cells accumulate only a small(More)
We screened soil samples for CO(2)-requiring extreme oligotrophs similar to Rhodococcus erythropolis N9T-4, which can grow on a basal salt agar medium without an organic carbon source. From 387 soil samples, three isolates were obtained and identified as Streptomyces spp. by 16S rDNA analysis. The isolates required gaseous CO(2) for growth and grew on a(More)
To remove sulfur compounds in petroleum, we isolated sulfate-reducing bacteria that could degrade dibenzothiophene in the presence of only nitrogen gas. Among the 19 strains isolated, some could grow in the presence of 10% (v/v) kerosene and of which two strains were identified as Desulfomicrobium escambium and Desulfovibrio longreachii. Gas chromatography(More)
This review is the current summary of vitamin B6 (B6) biosynthesis in Escherichia coli and other microorganisms. The de novo biosynthesis of B6 has been studied extensively for last three decades. However, the de novo biosynthesis of B6 still remains unclear in spite of its simple structure. For the first two decades, B6 biosynthesis had been mainly studied(More)
We found that a newly isolated Burkholderia sp. produced (R)-2-amino-1-phenylethanol from 2-aminoacetophenone, showing the high stereospecificity. NADPH-dependent 2-aminoacetophenone reductase purified to homogeneity was a dimer with a molecular mass of 65,000. The purified enzyme did not reduce acetophenone and 1-phenyl-1-propanone. The purified enzyme(More)
Optically active alcohol is an important building block as a versatile chiral synthon for the asymmetric synthesis of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. We purified and characterized glycerol dehydrogenase from Hansenula ofunaensis and prepared optically active 1,2-octanediol using a recombinant Escherichia coli harboring the glycerol dehydrogenase gene.(More)
INTRODUCTION Angiogenesis is an important factor in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated the efficacy of bevacizumab, an antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor and an inhibitor of angiogenesis, in the treatment of OA using a rabbit model of anterior cruciate ligament transection. METHODS First, we evaluated the response of(More)