Yoshiki Takamatsu

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To analyze the distribution of Drosophila calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (dCaMKII) in the adult brain, we generated monoclonal antibodies against the bacterially expressed 490-amino acid (a.a.) form of dCaMKII. One of those, named #18 antibody, was used for this study. Western blot analysis of the adult head extracts showed that the antibody(More)
OBJECTIVE Growing evidence suggests that neurodegenerative diseases are associated with metabolic disorders, but the mechanisms are still unclear. Better comprehension of this issue might provide a new strategy for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. We investigated possible roles of adiponectin (APN), the anti-diabetes protein, in the pathogenesis of(More)
Adiponectin (APN) is protective in animal models of neurodegenerative diseases, but the role of APN in human brain has not been established. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we found that APN was significantly decreased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), compared to those in patients with mild cognitive(More)
Axonopathy is critical in the early pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Axonal swellings such as globules and spheroids are a distinct feature of axonopathy and our recent study showed that transgenic (tg) mice expressing DLB-linked P123H β-synuclein (P123H βS) were(More)
Research on Parkinson's disease (PD) has made remarkable progress in recent decades, due largely to new genomic technologies, such as high throughput sequencing and microarray analyses. Since the discovery of a linkage of a missense mutation of the α-synuclein (αS) gene to a rare familial dominant form of PD in 1996, positional cloning and characterization(More)
α-Synucleinopathies are neurodegenerative disorders that are characterized by progressive decline of motor and non-motor dysfunctions. α-Synuclein (αS) has been shown to play a causative role in neurodegeneration, but the pathogenic mechanisms are still unclear. Thus, there are no radical therapies that can halt or reverse the disease's progression.(More)
There is mounting evidence for a role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of α -synucleinopathies such as Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). In particular, recent studies have demonstrated that failure of mitochondrial quality control caused by loss of function of the PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1, PARK6) Parkin(More)
Gangliosides are sialic acid-containing glycolipids that are mainly localized in the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane of vertebrate cells and are involved in diverse physiological functions such as cell growth, differentiation, and cell-cell recognition(Hakomori, 1990). In the nervous system, gangliosides are highly expressed in neurons and are(More)
Protein aggregation is a pathological hallmark of and may play a central role in the neurotoxicity in age-associated neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Accordingly, inhibiting aggregation of amyloidogenic proteins, including amyloid β and α-synuclein, has been a main therapeutic target for these disorders. Among(More)
Axonal swellings are histological hallmarks of axonopathies in various types of disorders in the central nervous system, including neurodegenerative diseases. Given the pivotal role of axonopathies during the early phase of neurodegenerative process, axonal swellings may be good models which may provide some clues for early pathogenesis of(More)