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Orthostatic intolerance is common when astronauts return to Earth: after brief spaceflight, up to two-thirds are unable to remain standing for 10 min. Previous research suggests that susceptible individuals are unable to increase their systemic vascular resistance and plasma noradrenaline concentrations above pre-flight upright levels. In this study, we(More)
We investigated the effects of laughing and weeping induced by watching comedy and tragedy videos on mood and autonomic nervous function. Ten healthy female subjects volunteered for the experiment. Chest electrocardiogram and respiration curve were recorded before, after, and during watching a comedy or a tragedy video. We also asked them to fill out(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of alpha1-adrenoceptor (alpha1-AR) antagonist monotherapy with combination therapy using alpha1-AR antagonist and anticholinergic agent for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with storage symptoms as the chief complaint. METHODS In this prospective comparative study, either 25-75 mg/day of(More)
Astronauts returning to Earth have reduced orthostatic tolerance and exercise capacity. Alterations in autonomic nervous system and neuromuscular function after spaceflight might contribute to this problem. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that exposure to microgravity impairs autonomic neural control of sympathetic outflow in response to peripheral(More)
When astronauts return to Earth and stand, their heart rates may speed inordinately, their blood pressures may fall, and some may experience frank syncope. We studied brief autonomic and haemodynamic transients provoked by graded Valsalva manoeuvres in astronauts on Earth and in space, and tested the hypothesis that exposure to microgravity impairs(More)
BACKGROUND A combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has not been well known. This combination can be referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome (MRS), when accompanied by no other abnormalities. OBJECTIVE To describe the results of a uro-neurological assessment in our patients with MRS. METHODS In three patients (two men, one(More)
It is well known that moderate exercise is beneficial to health. However, the effects of exercise on subjective symptoms in relation to mood and autonomic nervous function have not yet been fully examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of daily walking on subjective symptoms as well as on mood and autonomic nervous function in(More)
MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) migrate into damaged tissue and then proliferate and differentiate into various cell lineages to regenerate bone, cartilage, fat and muscle. Cell-cell adhesion of MSCs is essential for the MSC-dependent tissue regeneration after their homing into a damaged tissue. However, it remains to be elucidated what kinds of adhesion(More)
Cells respond to ER-stress via ER-stress sensors, leading to the UPR and subsequent apoptosis; however, occasionally, they activate autophagy without subsequent apoptosis in response to ER-stress. We previously showed that the induction of apoptosis by ER-stress was related to the presence or absence of CHOP expression; nevertheless, how ATF4 expression is(More)
The individual management of anticoagulation therapy is important for safe medical outcomes, including those of oral surgery. Here, Japanese patients who received warfarin (n = 35) and normal controls (n = 125) were analyzed by real-time PCR to determine the frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms in VKORC1 (vitamin K epoxide reductase complex,(More)