Yoshiki Saegusa

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To better understand the molecular mechanisms of the previously described cardiostimulatory action of the phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE5) inhibitor sildenafil, we first evaluated its effects on cyclic AMP level in the canine ventricular membrane preparation. Sildenafil (10 micromol/L) significantly increased the net cyclic AMP production rate, the potency(More)
In order to investigate a possible mechanism of degradation of cartilage matrix in chronic inflammation, superoxide anion (O2-) release from chondrocytes after stimulation with interleukin 1 (IL 1) and interferons (IFNs) has been studied. Both of these cytokines enhanced O2- release in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Increased of the O2- release by(More)
Cardiac effects of 10 kinds of clinically available Kampo medicines were investigated: Kakkon-to (TJ-1), Dai-saiko-to (TJ-8), Boi-ogi-to (TJ-20), Chorei-to (TJ-40), Rokumi-gan (TJ-87), Tsu-do-san (TJ-105), Gosha-jinki-gan (TJ-107), San'o-shashin-to (TJ-113), Sairei-to (TJ-114) and Inchin-gorei-san (TJ-117). Chronotropic and inotropic effects were studied(More)
Given a lack of information, we assessed the effects of Kampo medicines: Dai-saiko-to, Tsu-do-san, San'o-shashin-to, and Sairei-to, which have been used for various gastrointestinal diseases, on the phosphodiesterase activity and smooth muscle tone of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinically relevant concentrations of each Kampo extract (0.1 - 1 mg/ml)(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is generated from L-arginine by NO synthase. NO has been reported to be produced by a variety of cell types such as vascular endothelial cells, macrophages, neutrophils and articular chondrocytes. A recent report demonstrated that NO inhibits osteoclast (OC) function and, in this way, is critically associated with bone metabolism. In the(More)
Many patients undergo operations of the hip joint for avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANF). Abnormal lipid metabolism in thought to play a certain role in the pathogenesis of ANF. In the present study we have detected the abnormal lipid from the necrotic area of the femoral heads suffering from ANF by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS).(More)
We examined the effects of clinically available Kampo medicines; Kakkon-to (Formula puerariae), Boi-ogi-to (Formula astragali et sinomenii), Chorei-to (Formula polypori) and Tsu-do-san (Pulvis purgtionis sanguinolentiae), on phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity in the rat heart. PDE activity was estimated by measuring the cyclic AMP hydrolyzing speed using the(More)
This investigation examined the haemorheological changes that occurred in rats during and after administration of high-fat diets containing 10% lard and 1% cholic acid, both with and without 2% cholesterol for a period of 2 weeks. Rats fed the high-fat diet enriched with cholesterol showed markedly impaired fluidity of whole blood, increases of blood(More)
We examined the effect of low concentrations of gold compounds on the proliferation of human fibroblasts. Gold sodium thiomalate (GST) inhibited both basal and interleukin-1-induced tritiated thymidine incorporation into fibroblasts in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Significant inhibition was observed at the level of 5 micrograms/ml GST, and greater(More)
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