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Small submucosal tumors (SMT) without symptoms are frequently found by endoscopic and radiological examinations. To find proper diagnostic measures and therapeutic indications for histologically undiagnosed SMT, we reviewed published articles in PubMed between 1990 and March 2013 using the key words 'submucosal tumor' and the name of a specific disease. SMT(More)
A solid-state-laser based single-frequency 589 nm light source that can be easily used in the laboratory is needed for sodium spectroscopy studies and cold sodium atom experiments. This paper shows that by using a periodically poled Zn-doped LiNbO(3) ridge waveguide for sum-frequency generation, we can obtain a high conversion efficiency to 589 nm light(More)
Entangled photon pairs are one of the most important resources for the development of quantum communication technologies. In order to produce pulsed photon pairs in the telecommunication band from 1.5 mum pump light, most of the previous experiments used two successive periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguides. We report what we believe to be a(More)
We report a scheme for generating pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs based on conversion from time-bin entanglement to polarization entanglement by use of an orthogonal polarization delay circuit and post-selection. We have experimentally demonstrated the scheme, using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide, and successfully obtained(More)
We have devised a novel device structure for a multiple quasi-phase-matched wavelength converter. Optimized continuous phase modulation of a periodic domain structure makes possible multichannel pumping with minimum loss of efficiency. Using the device, we demonstrate variable and simultaneous wavelength conversion of wavelength-division multiplexed signals.
A novel waveguide for difference frequency generation in the mid-IR spectral region at 3.52 mum is characterized. High mid-IR power of 15 mW and an external conversion efficiency of up to 19 %W( -1) have been obtained. An optical beam propagation factor M(2) =1.18 was determined using the second moment method. A simple 2-f absorption spectra demonstrates(More)
We propose a novel quasi-phase-matched (QPM) device that can generate unequally spaced multiple wavelengths. Unequally spaced multiple QPM peaks can be obtained by employing the optimized phase modulation of a periodic domain structure. We fabricated a LiNbO3 waveguide device for 3.2-3.4 microm band difference frequency generation based on the design. Using(More)
We demonstrate a broadband rapid scanning light source in the 3-μm region by using difference frequency generation (DFG). The DFG source consists of a module with quasi-phase-matched LiNbO<sub>3</sub> ridge waveguides, a 1-μm-band wide swept range laser for the pump source, and a 1.5-μm continuous wave laser for the signal source. The sweep rate and the(More)
Difference frequency generation using one 1.58-μm and two 1.06-μm distributed feedback Bragg-grating laser diodes and a ridge-type PPLN alternately provide two 3.2-μm coaxial waves resonant with individual isotopic transitions separated by 13 cm(-1). The ν(3) band R(6) A(2) allowed transition of (13)CH(4) and the ν(3) band R(6) A(2) weakly allowed(More)