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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a non-coding family of genes involved in post-transcriptional gene regulation. These transcripts are associated with cell proliferation, cell differentiation, cell death and carcinogenesis. We analysed the miRNA expression profiles in 25 pairs of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and adjacent non-tumorous tissue (NT) and nine additional(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis C (CH) can develop into liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver fibrosis and HCC development are strongly correlated, but there is no effective treatment against fibrosis because the critical mechanism of progression of liver fibrosis is not fully understood. microRNAs (miRNAs) are now essential to the(More)
Plexins comprise a family of transmembrane proteins (the plexin family) which are expressed in nervous tissues. Some plexins have been shown to interact directly with secreted or transmembrane semaphorins, while plexins belonging to the A subfamily are suggested to make complexes with other membrane proteins, neuropilins, and propagate chemorepulsive(More)
OBJECTIVES A nationwide survey was conducted to clarify the clinical features of isolated noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (INVM) in Japanese children in comparison with features previously described in patients with INVM. BACKGROUND Isolated noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is a rare disorder characterized by an excessively(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, is the most rapidly turned over mammalian enzyme. We have shown that its degradation is accelerated by ODC antizyme, an inhibitory protein induced by polyamines. This is a new type of enzyme regulation and may be a model for selective protein degradation. Here we report the(More)
Eukaryotic cells contain various types of proteasomes. Core 20 S proteasomes (abbreviated 20 S below) have two binding sites for the regulatory particles, PA700 and PA28. PA700-20 S-PA700 complexes are known as 26 S proteasomes and are ATP-dependent machines that degrade cell proteins. PA28 is found both in previously described complexes of the type PA28-20(More)
A protein module called the WW domain recognizes and binds to a short oligopeptide called the PY motif, PPxY, to mediate protein-protein interactions. The PY motif is present in the transcription activation domains of a wide range of transcription factors including c-Jun, AP-2, NF-E2, C/EBPalpha and PEBP2/CBF, suggesting that it plays an important role in(More)
Antizyme plays an important regulatory role in the synthesis of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key enzyme of polyamine synthesis in higher animals. As well as inactivating polyamine uptake, antizyme is induced by polyamine-enhanced translational frameshifting, and binds to ODC, accelerating its ATP-dependent degradation, a process catalysed by the 26S(More)
Cardiomyopathy (CM) is a primary degenerative disease of myocardium and is traditionally categorized into hypertrophic and dilated CMs (HCM and DCM) according to its gross appearance. Cardiomyopathic hamster (CM hamster), a representative model of human hereditary CM, has HCM and DCM inbred sublines, both of which descend from the same ancestor. Herein we(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is a key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis. Turnover of ODC is extremely rapid and highly regulated, and is accelerated when polyamine levels increase. Polyamine-stimulated ODC degradation is mediated by association with antizyme (AZ), an ODC inhibitory protein induced by polyamines. ODC, in association with AZ, is degraded by(More)