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To construct an efficient lipid-containing wastewater treatment system, microorganisms that degrade lipids efficiently were isolated from various environmental sources. Strain DW2-1 showed the highest rate of degradation of 1% (w/v) salad oil among the isolated strains. Strain DW2-1 was identified as Burkholderia sp. and designated Burkholderia sp. DW2-1.(More)
Rapid and reliable two-step multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays were established to identify human intestinal lactobacilli; a multiplex PCR was used for grouping of lactobacilli with a mixture of group-specific primers followed by four multiplex PCR assays with four sorts of species-specific primer mixtures for identification at the species(More)
The efficacy of a biochemical kit, API50CHL kit, for identification of intestinal and vaginal lactobacilli from humans was evaluated by comparing with the results of DNA-DNA hybridization assay. The results showed that in total only 52 of the 172 strains (30.2%) tested were identified correctly by the kit at species level. Especially all strains of some(More)
The extracellular lipase from Fusarium sp. YM-30 was purified by a procedure involving ultrafiltration, ammonium sulfate precipitation, and DEAE-Toyopearl 650M, CM-Toyopearl 650M, and Butyl-Toyopearl 650M column chromatographies. The purified lipase was homogeneous with 12kDa of molecular mass by SDS-PAGE, and had high specificities for mono- and(More)
We identified Lactobacillus isolates from Japanese women and newborn infants by a DNA-DNA hybridization method. The predominating lactobacilli were Lactobacillus crispatus and Lactobacillus gasseri in the women's vaginas and the newborns' intestines and L. gasseri and Lactobacillus fermentum in the women's intestines. All L. crispatus strains were(More)
A real-time PCR quantification method for indigenous hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria (HDB) carrying the alkB gene in the soil environment was developed to investigate their distribution in soil. The detection limit of indigenous HDB by the method was 1 × 10(6) cells/g-soil. The indigenous HDB were widely distributed throughout the soil environment and ranged(More)
Bluegill-degrading bacteria were isolated from various environmental sources. Brevibacillus sp. BGM1 degraded bluegill efficiently at 50 degrees C, and its culture supernatant showed the highest peptide and amino acid concentrations as trichloroacetic acid (TCA) soluble fraction (ASF) (10.7 mg/ml) of all supernatants obtained with bluegill as a substrate.(More)
Accumulations of inorganic nitrogen (NH₄⁺, NO₂⁻, and NO₃⁻) were analyzed to evaluate the nitrogen circulation activity in 76 agricultural soils. Accumulation of NH₄⁺ was observed, and the reaction of NH₄⁺→ NO₂⁻ appeared to be slower than that of NO₂⁻ → NO₃⁻ in agricultural soil. Two autotrophic and five heterotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) were(More)
AIMS To investigate the mutational effect for the stability of thermolysin (TLN) in conserved regions. METHODS AND RESULTS Mutational effects for stability at autodegradation sites of TLN in conserved region were studied. The bands of mutant TLN (34 kDa) on SDS-PAGE were decreased. However, those of mutant TLN cultivated with CaCl2 recovered to the same(More)
Thirty-six bacteria that degraded long-chain hydrocarbons were isolated from natural environments using long-chain hydrocarbons (waste car engine oil, base oil or the c-alkane fraction of base oil) as the sole carbon and energy source. A phylogenetic tree of the isolates constructed using their 16S rDNA sequences revealed that the isolates were divided into(More)