Yoshiki Hirooka

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Host genetic susceptibility may influence gastric carcinogenesis caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. We aimed to clarify the relationship of interleukin (IL)-8 polymorphism with the risk of atrophic gastritis and gastric cancer. We examined IL-8 -251 T > A, IL-1B -511 C > T, and IL-1RN intron 2 polymorphisms in 252 healthy controls, 215 individuals(More)
BACKGROUND With the advent of immunohistochemical analysis, the term "gastrointestinal stromal tumor" (GIST) was proposed to designate the largest category of primary nonepithelial neoplasms. EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is useful for diagnosis of GISTs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the phenotyping of GISTs and diagnosis of malignant(More)
BACKGROUND Intraductal ultrasonography is clinically useful in assessing various pancreatobiliary diseases. This study was carried out to evaluate the usefulness of intraductal ultrasonography in diagnosing tumor extension of cancer of the papilla of Vater. METHODS Thirty-two patients with cancer underwent intraductal ultrasonography. According to the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Gastric carcinoma (GC) with microsatellite instability (MSI) exhibits clinicopathological characteristics distinct from microsatellite-stable (MSS) GC. Both MSI and MSS carcinomas are mostly associated with chronic gastritis infected by Helicobacter pylori (Hp). The relationship between Hp-induced inflammation and the mutator pathway of(More)
Although obscure gastrointestinal bleeding cannot be detected by colonoscopy or upper endoscopy, wireless video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is capable of imaging it. Few data are available on medical therapy for patients with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced small-intestinal mucosal injuries. The aim of this study was to compare prevention by(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to determine whether antiviral therapy with lamivudine is beneficial in patients after initial treatment for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Forty-nine consecutive patients with HBV-related HCC completely treated by hepatic resection or radiofrequency ablation were retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) and videocapsule endoscopy (VCE) have been useful in managing obscure GI bleeding (OGIB). OBJECTIVE This study compared diagnostic yields of OGIB between DBE and VCE, and evaluated the outcome after DBE. DESIGN A single-center retrospective study. SETTING A tertiary-referral hospital. PATIENTS Between June(More)
1. Sympathetic vasomotor nerves play a major role in determining the level of arterial blood pressure and the distribution of cardiac output. The present review will discuss briefly the central regulatory mechanisms that control the sympathetic outflow to the cardiovascular system in the short and long term. 2. In the short term, the sympathetic vasomotor(More)
Previous studies in anaesthetized animals have shown that the hypoxia-induced increase in sympathetic vasomotor activity is largely dependent on synaptic excitation of sympathoexcitatory pressor neurons in the rostral part of the ventrolateral medulla. The primary aim of this study was to determine, in conscious rabbits, the distribution of neurons within(More)
We examined whether coronary risk factors and atherosclerotic lesions in the study artery were associated with impaired endothelium-dependent dilation of coronary resistance arteries. Acetylcholine (ACH) at graded doses (1, 3, 10 and 30 micrograms/min) and papaverine (10 mg) were selectively infused into the left anterior descending coronary artery of 28(More)