Yoshiki Arakawa

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Nucleotide sequences of two regions, cytochrome c-oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1) of the mitochondrial DNA and two regions, internal-transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and the D2 region in the 28S rDNA (28S) of the nuclear DNA were obtained from five Korean worms of the genus Fasciola in order to elucidate their taxonomic status. The(More)
Rho-GTPase has been implicated in axon outgrowth. However, not all of the critical steps controlled by Rho have been well characterized. Using cultured cerebellar granule neurons, we show here that stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1alpha, a neural chemokine, is a physiological ligand that can turn on two distinct Rho-dependent pathways with opposite(More)
OBJECT The prognostic significance of tumor grade and resection and the efficacy of prophylactic radiation remain controversial in the management of intracranial ependymoma. The outcomes in patients with intracranial ependymoma treated at the Kyoto University Hospital were reviewed retrospectively, and prognostic significance was analyzed. METHODS Between(More)
Directed cell migration requires cell polarization and adhesion turnover, in which the actin cytoskeleton and microtubules work critically. The Rho GTPases induce specific types of actin cytoskeleton and regulate microtubule dynamics. In migrating cells, Cdc42 regulates cell polarity and Rac works in membrane protrusion. However, the role of Rho in(More)
The small GTPase Rho acts on two effectors, ROCK and mDia1, and induces stress fibers and focal adhesions. However, how ROCK and mDia1 individually regulate signals and dynamics of these structures remains unknown. We stimulated serum-starved Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts with LPA and compared the effects of C3 exoenzyme, a Rho inhibitor, with those of Y-27632, a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to examine early effects of ex vivo-expanded bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) on focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS EPCs were obtained from mononuclear cells of autologous bone marrow of a rat. After culture on fibronectin-coated dishes for 10 to 14 days, 2.5 x 10 cells of EPCs were(More)
Tenascin-C is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein implicated in embryogenesis, wound healing and tumor progression. We previously revealed that tenascin-C expression is correlated with the prognosis of patients with glioblastoma. However, the exact role of endogenous tenascin-C in regulation of glioblastoma proliferation and invasion remains to be(More)
The cortical actin cytoskeleton beneath the plasma membrane represents a physical barrier that vaccinia virus has to overcome during its exit from an infected cell. Previous observations using overexpression and pharmacological approaches suggest that vaccinia enhances its release by modulating the cortical actin cytoskeleton by inhibiting RhoA signalling(More)
Microtubules play an important role in the transport of viral pathogens during the establishment of their infection cycles. The microtubule cytoskeleton also facilitates efficient release of newly assembled progeny at later stages of infection. However, the precise effects of viral infection on microtubule dynamics are not understood. Using live-cell(More)
The papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT) was first reported by Komori et al. as a type of mixed neuronalglial tumor. It is characterized by pseudopapillary structures, composed of hyaline vessels and outsheathing glial cells, and by the proliferation of neurocytic cells admixed with ganglioid and ganglion cells. Although it is most common in young adults, it(More)