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Nucleotide sequences of two regions, cytochrome c-oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1) of the mitochondrial DNA and two regions, internal-transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and the D2 region in the 28S rDNA (28S) of the nuclear DNA were obtained from five Korean worms of the genus Fasciola in order to elucidate their taxonomic status. The(More)
OBJECT The prognostic significance of tumor grade and resection and the efficacy of prophylactic radiation remain controversial in the management of intracranial ependymoma. The outcomes in patients with intracranial ependymoma treated at the Kyoto University Hospital were reviewed retrospectively, and prognostic significance was analyzed. METHODS Between(More)
Rho-GTPase has been implicated in axon outgrowth. However, not all of the critical steps controlled by Rho have been well characterized. Using cultured cerebellar granule neurons, we show here that stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1alpha, a neural chemokine, is a physiological ligand that can turn on two distinct Rho-dependent pathways with opposite(More)
The papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT) was first reported by Komori et al. as a type of mixed neuronalglial tumor. It is characterized by pseudopapillary structures, composed of hyaline vessels and outsheathing glial cells, and by the proliferation of neurocytic cells admixed with ganglioid and ganglion cells. Although it is most common in young adults, it(More)
Directed cell migration requires cell polarization and adhesion turnover, in which the actin cytoskeleton and microtubules work critically. The Rho GTPases induce specific types of actin cytoskeleton and regulate microtubule dynamics. In migrating cells, Cdc42 regulates cell polarity and Rac works in membrane protrusion. However, the role of Rho in(More)
Microtubules play an important role in the transport of viral pathogens during the establishment of their infection cycles. The microtubule cytoskeleton also facilitates efficient release of newly assembled progeny at later stages of infection. However, the precise effects of viral infection on microtubule dynamics are not understood. Using live-cell(More)
Tenascin-C is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein implicated in embryogenesis, wound healing and tumor progression. We previously revealed that tenascin-C expression is correlated with the prognosis of patients with glioblastoma. However, the exact role of endogenous tenascin-C in regulation of glioblastoma proliferation and invasion remains to be(More)
The cortical actin cytoskeleton beneath the plasma membrane represents a physical barrier that vaccinia virus has to overcome during its exit from an infected cell. Previous observations using overexpression and pharmacological approaches suggest that vaccinia enhances its release by modulating the cortical actin cytoskeleton by inhibiting RhoA signalling(More)
Complete remission can be achieved soon after irradiation in patients with intracranial germinoma. This study aimed to analyze the follow-up outcome of intracranial germinoma patients. About 39 intracranial germinoma patients (29 males and 10 females; average age, 15 years; range, 7–27 years) treated at Kyoto University Hospital from 1978 to 2004 were(More)
Two-photon excitation microscopy was used to visualized two different modes of invasion at perivascular and intraparenchymal regions of rat C6 glioblastoma cells that were orthotopically implanted into rat brains. Probes based on the principle of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) further revealed that glioblastoma cells penetrating the brain(More)