Yoshikazu Uchiyama

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Unilateral hypoxia-ischemia (HI) was induced in C57/BL6 male mice on postnatal day (P) 5, 9, 21 and 60, corresponding developmentally to premature, term, juvenile and adult human brains, respectively. HI duration was adjusted to obtain a similar extent of brain injury at all ages. Apoptotic mechanisms (nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor,(More)
Cathepsin D-deficient (CD-/-) mice have been shown to manifest seizures and become blind near the terminal stage [approximately postnatal day (P) 26]. We therefore examined the morphological, immunocytochemical, and biochemical features of CNS tissues of these mice. By electron microscopy, autophagosome/autolysosome-like bodies containing part of the(More)
1 alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3[1 alpha,25(OH)2D3], an active form of vitamin D, has roles in many biological phenomena such as calcium homeostasis and bone formation, which are thought to be mediated by the 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 receptor (VDR), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. However, the molecular basis for the actions of 1(More)
The CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus are selectively vulnerable to transient ischemic damage. In experimental animals, the CA1 pyramidal neurons undergo cell death several days after brief forebrain ischemia. It remains, however, unknown whether this delayed neuronal death is necrosis or apoptosis. To investigate the degenerating processes of the(More)
Inwardly rectifying potassium (K+) channels (Kir) in Müller cells, the dominant glial cells in the retina, are supposed to be responsible for the spatial buffering action of K+ ions. The molecular properties and subcellular localization of Müller cell Kir channels in rat and rabbit retinas were examined by using electrophysiological, molecular biological,(More)
Microglia may contribute to cell death in neurodegenerative diseases. We studied the activation of microglia in affected regions of Huntington disease (HD) brain by localizing thymosin beta-4 (Tbeta4), which is increased in reactive microglia. Activated microglia appeared in the neostriatum, cortex, and globus pallidus and the adjoining white matter of the(More)
Neural progenitor cells, including neural stem cells, are a potential expandable source of graft material for transplantation aimed at repairing the damaged CNS. Here we present the first evidence that in vitro-expanded fetus-derived neurosphere cells were able to generate neurons in vivo and improve motor function upon transplantation into an adult rat(More)
An automated computerized scheme has been developed for the detection and characterization of diffuse lung diseases on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images. Our database consisted of 315 HRCT images selected from 105 patients, which included normal and abnormal slices related to six different patterns, i.e., ground-glass opacities, reticular(More)
Neuronal cell death, abnormal protein aggregates, and cytoplasmic vacuolization are major pathologies observed in many neurodegenerative disorders such as the polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases, prion disease, Alzheimer disease, and the Lewy body diseases, suggesting common mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration. Here, we have identified VCP/p97, a member of(More)
Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, CrmA and tetrapeptide ICE inhibitor reduce the extent of necrotic cell death induced by cyanide, which primarily damages mitochondria. Although none of them affects the drastic decrease in ATP levels induced by cyanide, Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL but not CrmA or ICE inhibitor inhibit the cyanide-induced decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential. A(More)