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PURPOSE We investigated the correlation between the motions of an external marker and internal fiducials implanted in the liver for 8 patients undergoing respiratory-based computed tomography (four-dimensional CT [4D-CT]) procedures. METHODS AND MATERIALS The internal fiducials were gold seeds, 3 mm in length and 1.2 mm in diameter. Four patients each had(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between the respiratory waveform measured using a respiratory sensor and three-dimensional (3D) tumor motion. METHODS AND MATERIALS A laser displacement sensor (LDS: KEYENCE LB-300) that measures distance using infrared light was used as the respiratory sensor. This was placed such that(More)
Significant differences exist in respiratory-gated proton beam delivery with a synchrotron-based accelerator system when compared to photon therapy with a conventional linear accelerator. Delivery of protons with a synchrotron accelerator is governed by a magnet excitation cycle pattern. Optimal synchronization of the magnet excitation cycle pattern with(More)
Response of a micro volume (0.01 ml) ionization chamber has been studied with pulsed proton beams which are used for clinical purposes and has been compared with those of some JARP ionization chambers (0.6 ml). All chambers used had been calibrated by standard 60Co beams at the Electrotechnical Laboratory (ETL) and exposure calibration factors, Nx, were(More)
A case of crossed total hemiatrophy (right side of the face, and left side of the trunk and left extremities) with a right precentral to central arteriovenous malformation is reported. The atrophy of trunk and extremities was well accounted for by the contralateral arteriovenous malformation, but a pathological early auditory response was the only brainstem(More)
A synchrotron-based proton therapy system operates in a low repetition rate pulsed beam delivery mode. Unlike cyclotron-based beam delivery, there is no guarantee that a synchrotron beam can be delivered effectively or precisely under the respiratory-gated mode. To evaluate the performance of gated synchrotron treatment, we simulated proton beam delivery in(More)
Vth control technology of HfSiON gate dielectrics by channel engineering using counter ion implantation method and fluorine or nitrogen ion implantation method are described. Current Ni-FUSI gate technology is also mentioned. Moreover, the authors explain breakdown mechanism of poly-Si/HfSiON/SiO<sub>2</sub> gate stacks
PURPOSE The purpose was to investigate the interplay of residual motion in realistically delivered respiratory gated spot scanning proton beam by a synchrotron. METHODS A MatriXX 2D ion-chamber array detector was placed on a moving platform. The platform with the 2D ion-chamber array detector was moved based on sin4 motion with 3s and 5s cycle and 20 mm(More)
A new method of quality assurance has been studied to measure coincidence of the radiation centre and a patient-setup laser position on a transverse plane to the beam at the isocentre. This measurement is achieved by using an imaging plate (IP). When radiation is applied to an IP, the energy is stored as trapped electrons. The number of electrons is(More)
A simple model for efficiency analysis of daily operation in proton radiotherapy is applied to numerical calculation with fixed time advancing. For the simplifying, man power is assumed to be enough and troubles in the equipments are ignored. To generate random numbers which become the time for adjusting the patient position and for waiting the next(More)