Yoshikazu Tamori

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Adipocytes secrete a variety of bioactive molecules that affect the insulin sensitivity of other tissues. We now show that the abundance of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA in adipose tissue and the plasma concentration of MCP-1 were increased both in genetically obese diabetic (db/db) mice and in WT mice with obesity induced by a high-fat(More)
Adipose tissue secretes adipokines that mediate insulin resistance, a characteristic feature of obesity and type 2 diabetes. By differential proteome analysis of cellular models of insulin resistance, we identified progranulin (PGRN) as an adipokine induced by TNF-α and dexamethasone. PGRN in blood and adipose tissues was markedly increased in obese mouse(More)
White adipocytes are unique in that they contain large unilocular lipid droplets that occupy most of the cytoplasm. To identify genes involved in the maintenance of mature adipocytes, we expressed dominant-negative PPARgamma in 3T3-L1 cells and performed a microarray screen. The fat-specific protein of 27 kDa (FSP27) was strongly downregulated in this(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of transcription factors and appears to be a key regulator of adipogenesis. Members of the thiazolidinedione class of insulin-sensitizing agents act as high-affinity ligands for PPARgamma, indicating that PPARgamma is also important in(More)
We have studied the functions of the juxtamembrane domain (941-989) of the human insulin receptor by site-directed mutagenesis. Tyrosine phosphorylation of pp185 was impaired in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the receptors with the alteration of Tyr960, but not of Tyr953 or Tyr972, to Phe (CHO-Y960F cells) as compared with cells expressing the(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma plays an important role in adipogenesis. However, the functions of PPAR-gamma in differentiated adipocytes have remained unclear. The role of PPAR-gamma in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes was therefore investigated by overexpression of a dominant negative mutant of this protein (PPAR-gamma-DeltaC) that lacks(More)
It has been demonstrated in rodents and humans that chronic inflammation characterized by macrophage infiltration occurs mainly in adipose tissue or liver during obesity, in which activation of immune cells is closely associated with insulin sensitivity. Macrophages can be classified as classically activated (M1) macrophages that support microbicidal(More)
Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes is mediated by translocation of vesicles containing the glucose transporter GLUT4 from intracellular storage sites to the cell periphery and the subsequent fusion of these vesicles with the plasma membrane, resulting in the externalization of GLUT4. Fusion of the GLUT4-containing vesicles with the plasma(More)
Lipoatrophic diabetes is a rare disease characterized by generalized lipodystrophy, severe insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, hepatomegaly, and a lack of ketoacidosis (1). In this disease, a high incidence of parental consanguinity or family antecedents with diabetes has been reported (2,3), therefore several candidate genes that might contribute to the(More)
Insulin induces the translocation of vesicles containing the glucose transporter GLUT4 from an intracellular compartment to the plasma membrane in adipocytes. SNARE proteins have been implicated in the docking and fusion of these vesicles with the cell membrane. The role of Munc18c, previously identified as an n-Sec1/Munc18 homolog in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, in(More)