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Adipocytes secrete a variety of bioactive molecules that affect the insulin sensitivity of other tissues. We now show that the abundance of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA in adipose tissue and the plasma concentration of MCP-1 were increased both in genetically obese diabetic (db/db) mice and in WT mice with obesity induced by a high-fat(More)
White adipocytes are unique in that they contain large unilocular lipid droplets that occupy most of the cytoplasm. To identify genes involved in the maintenance of mature adipocytes, we expressed dominant-negative PPARgamma in 3T3-L1 cells and performed a microarray screen. The fat-specific protein of 27 kDa (FSP27) was strongly downregulated in this(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1, also known as CCL2) secreted by adipocytes is a member of the CC chemokine family and plays a pivotal role in the inflammatory process. A polymorphism, the -2518 A/G of MCP-1 gene, has been associated with type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes, parameters of insulin resistance and obesity. Therefore, we investigated the(More)
The mammalian glucose transporter, GLUT1, is capable of alternating between two conformations which expose either an outward- or inward-facing ligand binding site. The possibility that these conformational changes are related to the presence of prolines and glycines in transmembrane region 10 was investigated by site-directed mutagenesis. Chinese hamster(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of transcription factors and appears to be a key regulator of adipogenesis. Members of the thiazolidinedione class of insulin-sensitizing agents act as high-affinity ligands for PPARgamma, indicating that PPARgamma is also important in(More)
Exocytosis at the apical surface of pancreatic acinar cells occurs in the presence of physiological concentrations of cholecystokinin (CCK) but is inhibited at high concentrations. Here we show that Munc18c is localized predominantly to the basal membranes of acinar cells. Supramaximal but not submaximal CCK stimulation caused Munc18c to dissociate from the(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma plays an important role in adipogenesis. However, the functions of PPAR-gamma in differentiated adipocytes have remained unclear. The role of PPAR-gamma in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes was therefore investigated by overexpression of a dominant negative mutant of this protein (PPAR-gamma-DeltaC) that lacks(More)
Adipose tissue secretes adipokines that mediate insulin resistance, a characteristic feature of obesity and type 2 diabetes. By differential proteome analysis of cellular models of insulin resistance, we identified progranulin (PGRN) as an adipokine induced by TNF-α and dexamethasone. PGRN in blood and adipose tissues was markedly increased in obese mouse(More)
Fat Specific Protein 27 (FSP27), a lipid droplet (LD) associated protein in adipocytes, regulates triglyceride (TG) storage. In the present study we demonstrate that FSP27 plays a key role in LD morphology to accumulate TGs. We show here that FSP27 promotes clustering of the LDs which is followed by their fusion into fewer and enlarged droplets. To map the(More)
Both syntaxin4 and VAMP2 are implicated in insulin regulation of glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) trafficking in adipocytes as target (t) soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNARE) and vesicle (v)-SNARE proteins, respectively, which mediate fusion of GLUT4-containing vesicles with the plasma membrane. Synaptosome-associated(More)