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Adipocytes secrete a variety of bioactive molecules that affect the insulin sensitivity of other tissues. We now show that the abundance of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA in adipose tissue and the plasma concentration of MCP-1 were increased both in genetically obese diabetic (db/db) mice and in WT mice with obesity induced by a high-fat(More)
L ipoatrophic diabetes is a rare disease characterized by generalized lipodystrophy, severe insulin resistance , hyperlipidemia, hepatomegaly, and a lack of ketoacidosis (1). In this disease, a high incidence of parental consanguinity or family antecedents with diabetes has been reported (2,3), therefore several candidate genes that might contribute to the(More)
We have studied the functions of the juxtamembrane domain (941-989) of the human insulin receptor by site-directed mutagenesis. Tyrosine phosphorylation of pp185 was impaired in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the receptors with the alteration of Tyr960, but not of Tyr953 or Tyr972, to Phe (CHO-Y960F cells) as compared with cells expressing the(More)
White adipocytes are unique in that they contain large unilocular lipid droplets that occupy most of the cytoplasm. To identify genes involved in the maintenance of mature adipocytes, we expressed dominant-negative PPARgamma in 3T3-L1 cells and performed a microarray screen. The fat-specific protein of 27 kDa (FSP27) was strongly downregulated in this(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of transcription factors and appears to be a key regulator of adipogenesis. Members of the thiazolidinedione class of insulin-sensitizing agents act as high-affinity ligands for PPARgamma, indicating that PPARgamma is also important in(More)
We have studied the function of a mutant human insulin receptor in which two COOH-terminal autophosphorylation sites (Tyr-1316 and -1322) were replaced by phenylalanine (F/Y COOH-terminal 2 tyrosines (CT2)). In addition, we have also constructed a mutant receptor in which Lys-1018 in the ATP-binding site was changed to arginine (R/K 1018). Both the wild(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma plays an important role in adipogenesis. However, the functions of PPAR-gamma in differentiated adipocytes have remained unclear. The role of PPAR-gamma in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes was therefore investigated by overexpression of a dominant negative mutant of this protein (PPAR-gamma-DeltaC) that lacks(More)
Both syntaxin4 and VAMP2 are implicated in insulin regulation of glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) trafficking in adipocytes as target (t) soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNARE) and vesicle (v)-SNARE proteins, respectively, which mediate fusion of GLUT4-containing vesicles with the plasma membrane. Synaptosome-associated(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1, also known as CCL2) secreted by adipocytes is a member of the CC chemokine family and plays a pivotal role in the inflammatory process. A polymorphism, the -2518 A/G of MCP-1 gene, has been associated with type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes, parameters of insulin resistance and obesity. Therefore, we investigated the(More)
The mouse obese (ob) gene has recently been isolated through the positional cloning technique and has been proved to result in the obese and NIDDM phenotype in mice when mutated (Nature 372:425-432, 1994). More recently, it has been demonstrated, by experiments with recombinant ob protein, that ob gene product can cause mice, including ob/ob mice,(More)