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The morphology of olivocerebellar (OC) axons originating from the inferior olive (IO) was investigated in the rat by reconstructing the entire trajectories of single axons that had been labeled with biotinylated dextran amine. Virtually all of the OC axons entered the cerebellum through the inferior cerebellar peduncle (ICP) contralateral to the IO, with a(More)
Aldolase C (zebrin) expression in Purkinje cells reveals stripe-shaped compartments in the cerebellar cortex. However, it is not clear how these compartments are related to cerebellar functional localization. Therefore, we identified olivocerebellar projections to aldolase C compartments by labeling climbing fibers with biotinylated dextran injected into(More)
1. The pattern of connections between the six semicircular canals and neck motoneurons of the multifidus muscle group was investigated by recording intracellular potentials from motoneurons in the upper cervical cord of anesthetized cats. 2. Synaptic potentials were recorded in motoneurons of the rectus capitis posterior (RCP) muscle at C1, the obliquus(More)
The distribution of different types of terminals on different portions of single thalamocortical neurons (TCNs) was quantitatively investigated in the cat ventral lateral nucleus (VL) by the application of computer-assisted three-dimensional reconstruction from serial ultrathin sections. Single neurons in the VL were intracellularly penetrated with a glass(More)
The functional partitioning of the cerebellar cortex depends on the projection patterns of its afferent and efferent neurons. However, the entire morphology of individual projection neurons has been demonstrated in only a few classes of neurons in the vertebrate CNS. To investigate the contribution of the projection pattern of individual olivocerebellar(More)
A sudden and rapid angular displacement of the limb evokes, in human and monkey subjects, a segmented pattern of electromyographic activity in muscles which are stretched. While the first segment is acknowledged to represent a tendon jerk, it has been proposed that the second segment, occurring with a shorter latency than a reaction time, is mediated by a(More)
1. Neck motoneurons usually receive disynaptic excitation and inhibition from individual semicircular canal nerves. However, in motoneurons of some neck muscles, trisynaptic inhibition is evoked by stimulation of the contralateral vertical canal nerves. The present study was performed to analyze this pathway and the location and properties of the last-order(More)
Intracellular staining with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) of physiologically identified corticospinal (CS) axons originating from the monkey motor cortex revealed the intraspinal morphology of their branching patterns. CS collaterals spread in a delta-like fashion in the intermediate zone and lamina IX. Virtually all CS axons examined terminated in lamina(More)
Stabilization of the head is required not only for adequate motor performance, such as maintaining balance while standing or walking, but also for the adequate reception of sensory inputs such as visual and auditory information. The vestibular organs, which consist of three approximately orthogonal semicircular canals (anterior, horizontal, posterior) and(More)