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The morphology of olivocerebellar (OC) axons originating from the inferior olive (IO) was investigated in the rat by reconstructing the entire trajectories of single axons that had been labeled with biotinylated dextran amine. Virtually all of the OC axons entered the cerebellum through the inferior cerebellar peduncle (ICP) contralateral to the IO, with a(More)
The distribution of different types of terminals on different portions of single thalamocortical neurons (TCNs) was quantitatively investigated in the cat ventral lateral nucleus (VL) by the application of computer-assisted three-dimensional reconstruction from serial ultrathin sections. Single neurons in the VL were intracellularly penetrated with a glass(More)
In the cat, the cerebellum projects via the ventroanterior-ventrolateral (VA-VL) complex of the thalamus to the motor and premotor cortices and also to the parietal association cortex. Cerebellar inputs to each of these regions have been characterized electrophysiologically by depth profiles of cortical potentials following stimulation of the brachium(More)
The functional partitioning of the cerebellar cortex depends on the projection patterns of its afferent and efferent neurons. However, the entire morphology of individual projection neurons has been demonstrated in only a few classes of neurons in the vertebrate CNS. To investigate the contribution of the projection pattern of individual olivocerebellar(More)
Intracellular staining with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) of physiologically identified corticospinal (CS) axons originating from the monkey motor cortex revealed the intraspinal morphology of their branching patterns. CS collaterals spread in a delta-like fashion in the intermediate zone and lamina IX. Virtually all CS axons examined terminated in lamina(More)
Projection of neurons in the lateral reticular nucleus (LRN) to the cerebellar cortex (Cx) and the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) was studied in the rat by using the anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine (BDA). After injection of BDA into the LRN, labeled terminals were seen bilaterally in most cases in the vermis, intermediate zone, and hemisphere of(More)
Aldolase C (zebrin) expression in Purkinje cells reveals stripe-shaped compartments in the cerebellar cortex. However, it is not clear how these compartments are related to cerebellar functional localization. Therefore, we identified olivocerebellar projections to aldolase C compartments by labeling climbing fibers with biotinylated dextran injected into(More)
The branching pattern of individual pyramidal tract (PT) neurons of the monkey motor cortex was studied by activating these neurons antidromically from within the cervical motor nuclei and also from other regions of the spinal cord. 1. Fifty-four neurons were activated from motor nuclei in the cervical cord. Twenty-eight of these were activated from one(More)
Vestibular inputs to the cerebral cortex are important for spatial orientation, body equilibrium, and head and eye movements. We examined vestibular input to the periarcuate cortex in the Japanese monkey by analyzing laminar field potentials evoked by electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve. Laminar field potential analysis in the depths of the(More)
The neural organization of the pathways from the superior colliculus (SC) to trochlear motoneurons was analyzed in anesthetized cats using intracellular recording and transneuronal labeling techniques. Stimulation of the ipsilateral or contralateral SC evoked excitation and inhibition in trochlear motoneurons with latencies of 1.1-2.3 and 1.1-3.8 ms,(More)