Yoshiko Izawa13
Yuriko Sugiuchi8
Mayu Takahashi4
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Aldolase C (zebrin) expression in Purkinje cells reveals stripe-shaped compartments in the cerebellar cortex. However, it is not clear how these compartments are related to cerebellar functional localization. Therefore, we identified olivocerebellar projections to aldolase C compartments by labeling climbing fibers with biotinylated dextran injected into(More)
To understand the neural mechanism of fixation, we investigated effects of electrical stimulation of the frontal eye field (FEF) and its vicinity on visually guided (Vsacs) and memory-guided saccades (Msacs) in trained monkeys and found that there were two types of suppression induced by the electrical stimulation: suppression of ipsilateral saccades and(More)
The caudal part of the superior colliculus (SC) plays an important role in the generation of saccades, whereas the rostral part of the SC is considered to be involved in visual fixation. The present study was performed to determine neural connections from the rostral and caudal parts of the SC to inhibitory burst neurons (IBNs) and pause neurons (PNs) in(More)
When a saccade occurs to an interesting object, visual fixation holds its image on the fovea and suppresses saccades to other objects. Electrical stimulation of the frontal eye field (FEF) has been reported to elicit saccades, and recently also to suppress saccades. This study was performed to characterize properties of the suppression of visually guided(More)
Electrical stimulation of the frontal eye field (FEF) has recently been reported to suppress the generation of saccades, which supports the idea that the FEF plays a role in maintaining attentive fixation. This study analyzed the activity of fixation neurons that discharged during fixation in the FEF in relation to visual fixation and saccades in trained(More)
This study was performed to characterize the properties of the suppression of smooth pursuit eye movement induced by electrical stimulation of the frontal eye field (FEF) in trained monkeys. At the stimulation sites tested, we first determined the threshold for generating electrically evoked saccades (Esacs). We then examined the suppressive effects of(More)
Reliable navigation is critical for a lunar rover, both for autonomous traverses and safeguarded, remote teleoperation. This paper describes an implemented system that has autonomously driven a prototype wheeled lunar rover over a kilometer in natural, outdoor terrain. The navigation system uses stereo terrain maps to perform local obstacle avoidance, and(More)
The olivocerebellar climbing fiber projection pattern is closely correlated with the pattern of aldolase C expression in cerebellar Purkinje cells. Based on this expression pattern, the olivocerebellar projection can be classified into five "groups" of functional compartments. Each group originates from a subarea within the inferior olive that projects to(More)
The cerebellar cortex consists of multiple longitudinal bands defined by their olivocerebellar projection. Single olivocerebellar axons project to a narrow longitudinal band in the cerebellar cortex and to the cerebellar nucleus with their axon collaterals. This olivocortical and olivonuclear organization is related to the functional compartmentalization of(More)
The saccade trigger signal was proposed by D.A. Robinson, but neural substrates for triggering saccades by inhibiting omnipause neuron (OPN) activity still remain controversial. We investigated tectal inputs to OPNs by recording intracellular potentials from OPNs and inhibitory burst neurons (IBNs) and searched for interneurons to inhibit OPNs in the(More)