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Target-derived factors organize synaptogenesis by promoting differentiation of nerve terminals at synaptic sites. Several candidate organizing molecules have been identified based on their bioactivities in vitro, but little is known about their roles in vivo. Here, we show that three sets of organizers act sequentially to pattern motor nerve terminals:(More)
Vascular and parenchymal basement membranes (BMs) are thickened in diabetes, but alterations in individual BM components in diabetic eyes, especially in diabetic retinopathy (DR), are obscure. To identify abnormalities in the distribution of specific constituents, we analyzed cryostat sections of human eyes obtained at autopsy (seven normal, five diabetic(More)
To advance our understanding of development, function and diseases in the kidney glomerulus, we have established and large-scale sequenced cDNA libraries from mouse glomeruli at different stages of development, resulting in a catalogue of 6053 different genes. The glomerular cDNA clones were arrayed and hybridized against a series of labeled targets from(More)
To determine the immunolocalization of ClC-5 in the mouse kidney, we developed a ClC-5-specific rat monoclonal antibody. Immunoblotting demonstrated an 85-kDa band of ClC-5 in the kidney and ClC-5 transfected cells. Immunocytochemistry revealed significant labeling of ClC-5 in brush-border membrane and subapical intracellular vesicles of the proximal(More)
PURPOSE To uncover abnormalities of extracellular matrix (ECM) distribution in human corneas with pseudophakic and aphakic bullous keratopathy (PBK/ABK). METHODS Indirect immunofluorescence with antibodies to 27 ECM components was used on frozen sections of 14 normal and 20 PBK/ABK corneas. RESULTS Fibrillar deposits of an antiadhesive glycoprotein(More)
Association of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) with the cell surface and with areas of cell-matrix contacts is critical for extracellular matrix degradation. Previously, we showed the surface association of pro-MMP-9 in human breast epithelial MCF10A cells. Here, we have characterized the binding parameters of pro-MMP-9 and show that the enzyme binds with(More)
Collagen type IV is a major component of the basal lamina of blood vessels. Six genetically distinct collagen type IV chains have been identified and are distributed in a tissue-specific manner. Here we define a novel function for soluble non-collagenous (NC1) domains of the alpha2(IV), alpha3(IV), and alpha6(IV) chains of human collagen type IV in the(More)
Members of the type IV collagen family are essential components of all basement membranes (BMs) and define structural stability as well as tissue-specific functions. The major isoform, alpha1.alpha1.alpha2(IV), contributes to the formation of many BMs and its deficiency causes embryonic lethality in mouse. We have identified an allelic series of three ENU(More)
Type XV and type XVIII collagens are classified as part of multiplexin collagen superfamily and their C-terminal parts, endostatin and restin, respectively, have been shown to be anti-angiogenic in vivo and in vitro. The alpha1(XV) and alpha1(XVIII) collagen chains are reported to be localized mainly in the basement membrane zone, but their distributions in(More)
PURPOSE Adult human corneal epithelial basement membrane (EBM) and Descemet's membrane (DM) components exhibit heterogeneous distribution. The purpose of the study was to identify changes of these components during postnatal corneal development. METHODS Thirty healthy adult corneas and 10 corneas from 12-day- to 3-year-old children were studied by(More)