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Target-derived factors organize synaptogenesis by promoting differentiation of nerve terminals at synaptic sites. Several candidate organizing molecules have been identified based on their bioactivities in vitro, but little is known about their roles in vivo. Here, we show that three sets of organizers act sequentially to pattern motor nerve terminals:(More)
PURPOSE To uncover abnormalities of extracellular matrix (ECM) distribution in human corneas with pseudophakic and aphakic bullous keratopathy (PBK/ABK). METHODS Indirect immunofluorescence with antibodies to 27 ECM components was used on frozen sections of 14 normal and 20 PBK/ABK corneas. RESULTS Fibrillar deposits of an antiadhesive glycoprotein(More)
PURPOSE Adult human corneal epithelial basement membrane (EBM) and Descemet's membrane (DM) components exhibit heterogeneous distribution. The purpose of the study was to identify changes of these components during postnatal corneal development. METHODS Thirty healthy adult corneas and 10 corneas from 12-day- to 3-year-old children were studied by(More)
Members of the type IV collagen family are essential components of all basement membranes (BMs) and define structural stability as well as tissue-specific functions. The major isoform, alpha1.alpha1.alpha2(IV), contributes to the formation of many BMs and its deficiency causes embryonic lethality in mouse. We have identified an allelic series of three ENU(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS This study examined whether the capsule which encases islets of Langerhans in the NOD mouse pancreas represents a specialised extracellular matrix (ECM) or basement membrane that protects islets from autoimmune attack. METHODS Immunofluorescence microscopy using a panel of antibodies to collagens type IV, laminins, nidogens and perlecan(More)
Spinal cord injury results in disruption of the cord microstructure, which is followed by inflammation leading to additional deterioration. Perivascular basement membranes are a component of the spinal cord microstructure that lies between blood vessels and astrocytes. The impact of disrupting the basement membrane structure on the expansion of inflammation(More)
Genes for the human alpha 5(IV) and alpha 6(IV) collagen chains have a unique arrangement in that they are colocalized on chromosome Xq22 in a head-to-head fashion and appear to share a common bidirectional promoter. In addition we reported a novel observation that the COL4A6 gene is transcribed from two alternative promoters in a tissue-specific manner(More)
X-linked Alport syndrome (XLAS) is a progressive disorder of basement membranes caused by mutations in the COL4A5 gene, encoding the alpha5 chain of type IV collagen. A mouse model of this disorder was generated by targeting a human nonsense mutation, G5X, to the mouse Col4a5 gene. As predicted for a nonsense mutation, hemizygous mutant male mice are null(More)
Despite the mouse being an important laboratory species, little is known about changes in its extracellular matrix (ECM) during follicle and corpora lutea formation and regression. Follicle development was induced in mice (29 days of age/experimental day 0) by injections of pregnant mare's serum gonadotrophin on days 0 and 1 and ovulation was induced by(More)
Corneas of diabetic patients have abnormal healing and epithelial adhesion, which may be due to alterations of the corneal extracellular matrix (ECM) and basement membrane (BM). To identify such alterations, various ECM and BM components and integrin receptors were studied by immunofluorescence on sections of normal and diabetic human corneas. Age-matched(More)