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The role of the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 axis in the lifelong caloric restriction (CR)-associated remodeling of white adipose tissue (WAT), adipocyte size, and gene expression profiles was explored in this study. We analyzed the WAT morphology of 6–7-month-old wild-type Wistar rats fed ad libitum (WdAL) or subjected to CR(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) is an experimental intervention in laboratory animals that attenuates age-associated increases in morbidity, mortality, and functional impairment. It is characterized by mild ketosis, hypoinsulinemia and hypoglycemia. In this study, we examined whether metabolic simulation of CR by a diet of isocaloric ketogenic or hypoinsulinemic(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) may act as a key enzyme for metabolic adaptation to calorie restriction (CR) or reduced growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 signaling, an experimental intervention for lifespan extension in animals. We investigated the protein levels of AMPKalpha and a downstream enzyme, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), by(More)
Organisms have evolved neuroendocrine and metabolic response systems to enhance survival during periods of food shortage, which occur frequently in nature. The anti-aging effect of caloric restriction (CR) might derive from these adaptive responses to maximize organism survival. The present article discusses the potential role for leptin, a hormone secreted(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) retards various age-dependent disorders, increases lifespan, and improves insulin activity in laboratory animals. Recently, adipocytes were found to act together as an active endocrine organ that produces various hormones called adipocytokines. The peripheral and central activities of these adipocytokines have been suggested to(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) slows the aging process and extends longevity, but the exact underlying mechanisms remain debatable. It has recently been suggested that the beneficial action of CR may be mediated in part by adipose tissue remodeling. Mammals have two types of adipose tissue: white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT). In this study,(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 signaling might partly mediate effects of caloric restriction (CR), an experimental intervention for increasing longevity in mammals. The present study evaluated effects of recombinant human (rh)IGF-1 infusion on adipokine levels in CR and transgenic (Tg) dwarf rats with the reduced growth hormone-IGF-1 axis, which shared(More)
We investigated the role of the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 (GH/IGF-1) axis on caloric restriction (CR) using male wild-type and transgenic homozygous dwarf rats bearing an antisense GH transgene and their F1 heterozygous progeny fed either ad libitum or subjected to 30% CR. CR predominantly altered expression of hepatic genes involved in(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) reduces morbidity and mortality in a wide range of organisms, possibly through the stress response machinery. We analyzed the acute phase response of CR rats to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory challenge. Six-month-old male F344 rats, fed ad libitum (AL) or a 30% calorie-restricted diet from 6 weeks of age, received an(More)
Calorie restriction (CR), which is thought to be largely dependent on the neuroendocrine system modulated by insulin/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and leptin signaling, decreases morbidity and increases lifespan in many organisms. To elucidate whether insulin and leptin sensitivities are indispensable in the metabolic adaptation to CR, we(More)