Yoshikatsu Hirai

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LPS stimulates the TLR4/Myeloid differentiation protein-2 (MD-2) complex and promotes a variety of immune responses in B cells. TLR4 has two main signaling pathways, MyD88 and Toll/IL-1R (TIR)-domain-containing adaptor-inducing interferon-β (TRIF) pathways, but relatively few studies have examined these pathways in B cells. In this study, we investigated(More)
Inflammasome activation initiates the development of many inflammatory diseases, including obesity and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, agents that target discrete activation steps could represent very important drugs. We reported previously that ILG, a chalcone from Glycyrrhiza uralensis, inhibits LPS-induced NF-κB activation. Here, we show that ILG potently(More)
For the optimal growth of clonogenic cells in acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), several cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 are required in addition to colony-stimulating factor (CSF), which may be produced by blast cells themselves. In the present study, we addressed the potential role of endogenous(More)
Marginal zone (MZ) B cells mount rapid T-cell-independent (T-I) immune responses against microbial components such as LPS. While Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is essential for LPS responses, MZ B cells uniquely express high levels of another LPS sensor Radioprotective 105 (RP105). However, little is known about how RP105 is used by MZ B cells. In this study,(More)
MD-1 is a secreted protein that forms a complex with radioprotective 105 (RP105) and this complex plays a crucial role in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) recognition by B cells. Disease progression is known to improve in RP105-deficient lupus-prone MRL(lpr/lpr) mice. Furthermore, a soluble form of the homologous MD-2 protein is present in the plasma of septic(More)
The present study examined the effect of cyclosporine (CsA) administered with steroidin vivo on the capacity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from kidney transplant recipients to generate cytokines and their gene expression at the level of messenger RNA (mRNA). PBMC from CsA-prednisolone (Pred)-treated recipients displayed 66.9% inhibition(More)
It was shown that a single intraperitoneal injection of extract (fraction 3 and 4) from roots of Panax ginseng C.A. MEYER, increased activity of RNA polymerase (EC 2.7.7.6), assayed in vitro, of deoxycholate-lysed nuclei of rat liver. The maximum increase of the enzyme activity was found at 2 hr with a lag period of 30 min after treatment. The increase was(More)
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