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We describe here an autoradiographic method to measure the in vivo rate of serotonin synthesis in rat brain. The method is based on the use of the L-tryptophan analogue alpha-methyl-L-tryptophan (alpha-MTrp), which is converted in vivo into alpha-methylserotonin (alpha-M5HT). Since alpha-M5HT is not a substrate for monoamine oxidase, it is accumulated in(More)
We describe here a practical autoradiographic method to estimate the rate of serotonin synthesis in brain. A two-time point method (60 and 150 min after injection of alpha-[14C]methyl-L-tryptophan) was first evaluated in 14 normal rats (7 at each time point). After this the method was tested in lithium-treated rats. In normal rats the rate of serotonin(More)
Compared to automatic postural responses to external perturbation, little is known about anticipatory postural adjustments in individuals with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. In this study, we examined whether anticipatory activation of postural muscles would be observed before voluntary arm movement while standing in individuals with spastic diplegia.(More)
Cerebral glucose utilization (LCMRGI) was measured using the [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose method with PET in two groups of ten healthy young volunteers, each scanned in a resting state under different methodological conditions. In addition, five subjects had a second scan within 48 hr. Mean hemispheric values averaged 45.8 +/- 3.3 mumol/100 g/min in the right(More)
The effect of treatment with acute fluoxetine, a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, on the rate of serotonin synthesis in the rat brain was studied through autoradiography following intravenous administration of alpha-methyl-L-[3H]tryptophan. The rate of serotonin synthesis in fluoxetine-treated rats was compared with the rate measured in sham-treated rats(More)
Triple-tracer autoradiography was used to measure topographic changes in local cerebral blood flow, cerebral tissue pH, and local cerebral glucose utilization in hyperglycemic and normoglycemic rats, all of which had undergone occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. More severe and extensive reduction of all three variables was observed in the(More)
In vivo measurements by positron emission tomography of the brain serotonin synthesis rates in the normal dog, in the dog with increased plasma tryptophan concentration, and in the dog under different arterial oxygen tensions are described. The method described here permits repeated measurements in the same brain for the first time. An increase in the(More)
The use of three sets of the double-tracer autoradiographic technique to measure topographical changes of local cerebral blood flow (LCBF), glucose utilization (LCGU), and tissue pH following a 3 h middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in the rat is described. In a sham-operated group of animals there was 10% reduction of LCBF and 7% reduction of LCGU in(More)