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LIS1 was first identified as a gene mutated in human classical lissencephaly sequence. LIS1 is required for dynein activity, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that LIS1 suppresses the motility of cytoplasmic dynein on microtubules (MTs), whereas NDEL1 releases the blocking effect of LIS1 on cytoplasmic dynein. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the usefulness of the homeostasis model assessment as an index of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) for evaluating the clinical course of patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The usefulness of HOMA-IR and its relationship with insulin resistance assessed by the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp study (clamp IR)(More)
To clarify the significance of the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the mechanism of insulin resistance, we studied 12 obese patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). We evaluated the relationship of TNF-alpha levels with the visceral, subcutaneous, and total fat areas measured by computed tomography (CT), and(More)
A case of neuronal intranuclear hyaline inclusion disease (NIHID) is described. The patient was a 26-year-old man who died of a progressive neurologic disorder, the onset of which occurred at the age of 11 years. Clinically, the disease presented as juvenile parkinsonism, and pathologically it was characterized by multiple-system degeneration in conjunction(More)
We investigated the relationship of codon 972 polymorphism of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) gene with insulin resistance in the Japanese population. Among 130 patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM), we identified 6 who were heterozygous for the Gly972Arg mutation. Among 144 healthy subjects, 6 were heterozygous and 1 was homozygous for the(More)
NDEL1 is a binding partner of LIS1 that participates in the regulation of cytoplasmic dynein function and microtubule organization during mitotic cell division and neuronal migration. NDEL1 preferentially localizes to the centrosome and is a likely target for cell cycle-activated kinases, including CDK1. In particular, NDEL1 phosphorylation by CDK1(More)
BACKGROUND Polyamines are known to play important roles in the proliferation and differentiation of many types of cells. However, in the testis, where polyamines such as spermidine and spermine exist in high concentrations, their roles still remains to be elucidated. RESULTS We have cloned a testis-specific gene encoding an ornithine decarboxylase(More)
Okadaic acid (OA) and calyculin A (CLA), which are potent and specific inhibitors of serine/threonine protein phosphatases type 1 and 2A, have been shown to induce drastic changes in platelet morphology. The aim of this study was to analyse the molecular mechanisms of OA- or CLA-induced cytoskeletal reorganization, with a specific focus on microtubules and(More)
Protein phosphatase 4 catalytic subunit (PP4c) is a PP2A-related protein serine/threonine phosphatase with important functions in a variety of cellular processes, including microtubule (MT) growth/organization, apoptosis, and tumor necrosis factor signaling. In this study, we report that NDEL1 is a substrate of PP4c, and PP4c selectively dephosphorylates(More)
The intestinal floras of seven deep-sea fish retrieved at depths of from 3,200 to 5,900 m were examined for population sizes and growth responses to pressure. Large populations of culturable bacteria, ranging from 1.1 x 10(sup6) to 3.6 x 10(sup8) cells per ml of contents, were detected when samples were incubated at conditions characteristic of those of the(More)