Yoshihisa Watanabe

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Relaxin-3 (RLN3) is a neuropeptide belonging to the insulin-relaxin superfamily. RLN3-expressing neurons are predominantly located in the dorsal pons known as the nucleus incertus, and project their axons to the forebrain including the hypothalamus. RLN3 has been suggested to be involved in the stress response. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
Neurosin is one of the serine proteases predominantly expressed in the central nervous system. Neurosin is presumed to play an important role in the degradation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn), since a previous study showed that neurosin degrades alpha-syn, inhibits polymerization of alpha-syn in vitro, and exists in Lewy bodies. However, the details of(More)
α-Synuclein is the main component of Lewy bodies, the intraneuronal inclusion bodies characteristic of Parkinson's disease. Although α-synuclein accumulation is caused by inhibition of proteasome and autophagy-lysosome, the degradation of α-synuclein inclusions is still unknown. Formation of Lewy body-like inclusions can be replicated in cultured cells by(More)
Relaxin-3 is a neuropeptide belonging to the relaxin/insulin superfamily. Studies using rodents have revealed that relaxin-3 is predominantly expressed in neurons in the nucleus incertus (NI) of the pons, the axons of which project to forebrain regions including the hypothalamus. There is evidence that relaxin-3 is involved in several functions, including(More)
Dopamine and serotonin (5-HT) in the nucleus accumbens (ACC) and ventral tegmental area of the mesoaccumbens reward pathways have been implicated in the mechanisms underlying development of alcohol dependence. We used a C57BL/6J mouse model with increased voluntary alcohol-drinking behavior by exposing the mice to alcohol vapor for 20 consecutive days. In(More)
Relaxin 3 or insulin like peptide 7 has been identified as a new member of the insulin/relaxin superfamily. We recently reported that relaxin 3 was dominantly expressed in the brain, particularly in neurons of the nucleus incertus (NI) of the median dorsal tegmental pons and that it might act as a neurotransmitter. In the present study we investigated the(More)
We review the structure and function of three kinds of mosaic serine proteases expressed in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Mosaic serine proteases have several domains in the proenzyme fragment, which modulate proteolytic function, and a protease domain at the C-terminus. Spinesin/TMPRSS5 is a transmembrane serine protease whose presynaptic(More)