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Molecular genetic and physiological studies on brassinosteroid (BR)-related mutants of dicot plants have revealed that BRs play important roles in normal plant growth and development. However, little is known about the function of BR in monocots (grasses), except for the phenotypic analysis of a rice mutant partially insensitive to BR signaling. To(More)
Relaxin-3 (RLN3) is a neuropeptide belonging to the insulin-relaxin superfamily. RLN3-expressing neurons are predominantly located in the dorsal pons known as the nucleus incertus, and project their axons to the forebrain including the hypothalamus. RLN3 has been suggested to be involved in the stress response. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and compare the outcomes of single-incision thoracoscopic surgery using a chest wall pulley for lung excision (PulLE) vs. those of conventional video-assisted thoracic surgery (cVATS) in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). METHODS Sixty-nine patients who underwent PulLE (n =(More)
Relaxin 3 or insulin like peptide 7 has been identified as a new member of the insulin/relaxin superfamily. We recently reported that relaxin 3 was dominantly expressed in the brain, particularly in neurons of the nucleus incertus (NI) of the median dorsal tegmental pons and that it might act as a neurotransmitter. In the present study we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is diagnosed by the presence of dysphagia and intraepithelial eosinophilic infiltration of ≥15 per high-power field (HPF). EoE should be distinguished from proton pump inhibitor-responsive esophageal eosinophilic infiltration (PPI-R EEI) in patients that are responsive to PPI treatment. The aim of this study was to(More)
The formation of intracellular aggregates containing α-synuclein (α-Syn) is one of the key steps in the progression of Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Recently, it was reported that pathological α-Syn fibrils can undergo cell-to-cell transmission and form Lewy body-like aggregates. However, little is known about how they form α-Syn(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of Glucose transporter type 1 (GLUT1) and its relation to clinicopathologic parameters in patients with salivary gland tumors. Tissue samples were 49 cases of malignant tumors, 38 cases of benign tumors, mainly pleomorphic adenoma and 10 cases of normal salivary glands. Immunohistochemically,(More)
α-Synuclein is the main component of Lewy bodies, the intraneuronal inclusion bodies characteristic of Parkinson's disease. Although α-synuclein accumulation is caused by inhibition of proteasome and autophagy-lysosome, the degradation of α-synuclein inclusions is still unknown. Formation of Lewy body-like inclusions can be replicated in cultured cells by(More)
Relaxin-3 is a neuropeptide belonging to the relaxin/insulin superfamily. Studies using rodents have revealed that relaxin-3 is predominantly expressed in neurons in the nucleus incertus (NI) of the pons, the axons of which project to forebrain regions including the hypothalamus. There is evidence that relaxin-3 is involved in several functions, including(More)
HYPOTHESIS Therapeutic strategies for patients who require procedures for both cardiac or aortic diseases and gastric cancer are controversial. Prognostic factors for them should be clearly identified. DESIGN Retrospective review of 14 patients who underwent surgical intervention for both gastric cancer and cardiac or aortic diseases between January 1,(More)