Yoshihisa Fujita

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BACKGROUND The y-larva, a crustacean larval type first identified more than 100 years ago, has been found in marine plankton samples collected in the arctic, temperate and tropical regions of all oceans. The great species diversity found among y-larvae (we have identified more than 40 species at our study site alone) indicates that the adult organism may(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a causative agent of acute and chronic hepatitis, leading to the development of hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. We prepared extracts from 61 marine organisms and screened them by an in vitro fluorescence assay targeting the viral helicase (NS3), which plays an important role in HCV replication, to identify(More)
The genetic structure and evolutionary history of an endemic anchialine species, the shrimp Halocaridina rubra Holthuis, 1963 (Crustacean: Decapoda: Atyidae), was investigated across its range in the Hawaiian archipelago using mitochondrial (e.g., cytochrome oxidase subunit I and large subunit ribosomal) gene sequences. A survey of 573 individuals collected(More)
Archipelagos of the Indo-West Pacific are considered to be among the richest in the world in biodiversity, and phylogeographic studies generally support either the center of origin or the center of accumulation hypothesis to explain this pattern. To differentiate between these competing hypotheses for organisms from the Indo-West Pacific anchialine(More)
Crustaceans generally act as oxy-regulators, maintaining constant oxygen uptake as oxygen partial pressures decrease, but when a critical low level is reached, ventilation and aerobic metabolism shut down. Cave-adapted animals, including crustaceans, often show a reduced metabolic rate possibly owing in part to the hypoxic nature of such environments.(More)
Three species of the processid shrimp genus Processa Leach, 1815, including two new species, are reported from shallow coastal waters in Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan: P. affinis Hayashi, 1975, P. filipes n. sp. and P. hayashii n. sp. The present specimens of P. affinis represent the rediscovery and range extension of this poorly known species,(More)
The present work describes the complete larval development of Mithraculus sculptus (two zoeal stages, the megalopa) and the ¢rst crab instar from laboratory cultured material. The larval morphology is compared with other descriptions currently available for the Mithrax ^ Mithraculus complex: Mithraculus coryphe, M. forceps, Mithrax hispidus, M.(More)
Bioassay-guided separation of a lipophilic extract of the crinoid Alloeocomatella polycladia, inhibiting the activity of HCV NS3 helicase, yielded two groups of molecules: cholesterol sulfate and four new aromatic sulfates 1-4. The structures of the aromatics were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis in addition to theoretical studies. The aromatic sulfates(More)
Effective and rapid use of cytological data are issue in Japan. We addressed this problem by development of an ordering system for cytological examinations at Osaka National Hospital. This system is located in the department of pathology and is a client-server system that consisted of 1 server and 6 clients. Five of the 6 clients are related to cytology and(More)
Two new species of the callianassid ghost shrimp are described and illustrated on the basis of specimens from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. These are provisionally assigned to the genus Cheramus Spence Bate, 1888, and appear closest to Callianassa acutirostella Sakai, 1988, also provisionally transferred to Cheramus herewith. These three species can be(More)