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Oak gallwasps are cyclically parthenogenetic insects that induce a wide diversity of highly complex species- and generation-specific galls on oaks and other Fagaceae. Phylogenetic relationships within oak gallwasps remain to be established, while sexual and parthenogenetic generations of many species remain unpaired. Previous work on oak gallwasps has(More)
High-dose-rate interstitial radiation therapy is a newly introduced modality, and its role in the management of gynecologic malignancies remains to be studied. Clinical experience in high-dose-rate interstitial radiation therapy was retrospectively investigated. Eight patients with primary and nine with recurrent gynecologic malignancies underwent(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the feasibility of a stereotactic single high dose irradiation of lung tumors under respiratory gating and the clinical response. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty-three malignant lung tumors less than 40mm in diameter were treated by a single fractional irradiation. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Local regrowth was seen in three of ten tumors(More)
Stereotactic radiosurgery for body tumors is hampered by the difficulties in body fixation and respiratory motions of the tumor. We have developed a Microton-based system for the stereotactic irradiation of body tumors, which delivers radiation at a predetermined respiratory phase. The patients are fixed non-invasively in the custom-made bed, and CT images(More)
The Andricus mukaigawae complex of oak gall wasps is composed of cyclically parthenogenetic species: A. mukaigawae and Andricus kashiwaphilus, and a parthenogenetic species, Andricus pseudoflos. The component species differ in life history, host plant, karyotype, and asexual gall shape, although little difference is found in the external morphology of(More)
Under field conditions, species displacements have occurred in different directions between the same invasive species of leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Liriomyza sativae (Blanchard) was displaced by L. trifolii (Burgess) in the western United States, with evidence suggesting that lower insecticide susceptibility of L. trifolii is a factor. However, in(More)
Liriomyza sativae was displaced by L. trifolii in the USA probably due to the lower insecticide susceptibility of L. trifolii, but L. trifolii was displaced by L. sativae in Japan. To know the possible causes of the species displacement observed in Japan, differences in the insecticide susceptibility, fecundity, effects of natural enemies, and reproductive(More)
The influence of deviations in dwell times and source positions for (192)Ir HDR-RALS was investigated. The potential dose errors for various kinds of brachytherapy procedures were evaluated. The deviations of dwell time ΔT of a (192)Ir HDR source for the various dwell times were measured with a well-type ionization chamber. The deviations of source position(More)
Many parasitic organisms have an ability to manipulate their hosts to increase their own fitness. In parasitoids, behavioral changes of mobile hosts to avoid or protect against predation and hyperparasitism have been intensively studied, but host manipulation by parasitoids associated with endophytic or immobile hosts has seldom been investigated. We(More)
Radiotherapy institutions carry out various types of treatments such as conventional radiation treatment, stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT), intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). According to the radiation treatment type, various kinds of quality assurance (QA) equipment are used to maintain the accurate dose(More)