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Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) regulate the proliferation, differentiation, and viability of lymphocytes by modulating their signaling pathways. By using the differential display assay, we have cloned a putative receptor-type PTP, which is predominantly expressed in B-lymphoid tissues (lymph nodes and spleen). This PTP, termed PTPROt (truncated), is a(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of newly isolated T lymphotropic viruses, human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 and HHV-7, on CD4+ T cells. We first examined changes in surface molecule expression on CD4+ T cells after infection with HHV-6 or HHV-7 by flow cytometry. Among surface molecules examined, CD3 expression appeared to decline markedly(More)
Only a few reports have described regression of rectal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma after antibiotic treatment are generally found to be successful for gastric tumors. We examined eight rectal MALT lymphomas treated with antibiotic treatments to determine whether they regressed after treatment. We also discuss the relationship between(More)
OBJECTIVE Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) play important roles in the immune response against infections and malignancies. Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infects monocytes and is reactivated in immunodeficient patients. To clarify the mechanisms of HHV-6-induced immunodeficiency, we investigated the effect of HHV-6 infection on differentiation of(More)
The t(1;21)(p36;q22) is a recurrent chromosome abnormality associated with therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although involvement of RUNX1 has been detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis, the partner gene has not been reported previously. We identified a novel RUNX1 partner gene, MDS1/EVI1-like-gene 1 (PRDM16), in an AML patient(More)
The incidence of follicular lymphoma differs significantly between white and Japanese individuals. Translocation between the BCL-2 and immunoglobulin heavy chain genes is detected in 85% to 90% of all follicular lymphomas in whites. Recently, BCL-2/J(H) translocation was detected in peripheral blood lymphocytes from more than 50% of healthy white(More)
The present study was undertaken to clarify the mechanisms of cytotoxicity mediated by virus-specific human CD4+ CTLs using the lymphocytes of family members with a Fas gene mutation. CD4+ CTL bulk lines and clones directed against HSV-infected cells were established from lymphocytes of a patient with a homozygous Fas gene mutation and of the patient's(More)
Ocular adnexal extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (ocular adnexal MALT lymphoma) are predominately low-grade, small B-cell types and may be caused by several putative inflammatory agents. Twenty-three ocular adnexal MALT lymphoma cases, the monoclonality of which was confirmed by examination of immunoglobulin(More)
Although it is well known that CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) play an important role in the suppression of cancer cell growth, the significance of CD4(+) CTLs in resistance to cancer is obscure. In an attempt to elucidate the role of CD4(+) CTLs in immunosurveillance of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), we examined the immunologic functions of(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphoid neoplasm with 18q21.3/BCL2 and 8q24/MYC translocation to immunoglobulin (IG) genes as dual-hit lymphoma/leukemia is very rare and known to have a poor clinical outcome. DESIGN AND METHODS To clarify the clinicopathological characteristics of this malignancy, we analyzed 27 cases of cytogenetically proven dual-hit lymphoma/leukemia. (More)