Yoshihiro Takahashi

Learn More
Chemical stimulation of the pharynx and larynx is effective in eliciting reflex swallowing. A sour taste bolus facilitates the onset of swallowing in patients with neurogenic dysphagia, but the mechanism of the facilitation has not been clarified. We investigated the effect of sour solutions on the elicitation of reflex swallowing in anesthetized rats. The(More)
The pharynx is very important for elicitation of reflex swallowing. The region of the pharynx is innervated by the pharyngeal branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve (GPN-ph). Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in various physiological functions. The purpose of this study is to investigate the contribution of NO to reflex swallowing evoked by electrical(More)
Mechanical stimulation of the pharyngeal areas readily elicits reflex swallowing. However, it is much more difficult for electrical stimulation of the glossopharyngeal nerve (GPN) to evoke reflex swallowing than it is for stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) to do so. These paradoxical findings remain unexplained; hence, the main purpose of(More)
Many studies have reported the mechanism underlying umami taste. However, there are no investigations of responses to umami stimuli taste originating from chemoreceptors in the pharyngeal region. The pharyngeal branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve (GPN-ph) innervating the pharynx has unique responses to taste stimulation that differs from responses of the(More)
Chlorogenic acid (CGA), one of the most abundant dietary polyphenols, is known to have various physiological properties. Although CGA is reported to have an antinociceptive effect on acute and inflammatory pain, little is known about its effect on neuropathic pain or its action site. The aim of the present study was to determine whether intrathecally(More)
Leptin released from the adipose tissues is known to inhibit obesity by regulating food intake. In this study, we investigated the effect of leptin on afferent nerve responses to fats and fatty acid in the pharyngolaryngeal region. The afferent nerve activities were recorded from the whole nerve bundle or pauci-fiber bundles of the pharyngeal branch of the(More)
Luteolin, a major component of flavones, is known to have various physiological properties. Although luteolin reportedly has an antinociceptive effect on acute and inflammatory pain, little is known about its effect on neuropathic pain. The aim of the present study was to determine whether luteolin could ameliorate hyperalgesia in the central nervous system(More)
Glycinergic transmission has an important role in regulating nociception in the spinal cord. The glycine transporter-2 (GlyT2) is localized at presynaptic terminals of glycinergic neurons and eliminates glycine from the synaptic cleft to terminate glycinergic transmission. Systemic and intrathecal administration of GlyT2 inhibitors alleviate various types(More)
The intraluminal pressure in the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) briefly decreases during swallowing. This decrement in pressure plays an important role in smooth transport of the ingested bolus from the pharynx to the esophagus. It is known that the decrement is caused by cessation of tonic activity of the cricopharyngeus (CP) muscle and also by elevation(More)
Elevation of the larynx during swallowing plays an important role in protecting the laryngeal inlet and in the opening of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES). The thyrohyoid (TH) muscle is the most important muscle for laryngeal elevation, and it is thought to be innervated by the thyrohyoid branch. However, in preliminary studies we found that laryngeal(More)
  • 1