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To evaluate whether the in vivo mutagenicity test system using the lacZ transgenic mice (Muta Mouse) may be applied to carcinogenesis studies, both the in vivo mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of benzo[a]pyrene (BP) was tested in mice under the same administration conditions. The eleven organs of the mice on the 14th day after the final oral administration(More)
TAK-220 is a member of a novel class of chemokine receptor antagonists and is highly specific to CCR5, as determined by receptor binding and calcium mobilization assays. The compound selectively inhibited coreceptor-mediated entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into host cells and HIV-1 infection mediated by CCR5. TAK-220 inhibited the(More)
We incorporated various polar groups into previously described piperidine-4-carboxamide CCR5 antagonists to improve their metabolic stability in human hepatic microsomes. Introducing a carbamoyl group into the phenyl ring of the 4-benzylpiperidine moiety afforded the less lipophilic compound 5f, which possessed both high metabolic stability and good(More)
This study examined personality characteristics of Mexican-American male batterers. 60 Mexican-American male batterers (M = 33.6 yr.) in the court system in South Texas took the MCMI-III and their MCMI-III scores were compared with the scores of a community sample of 45 Mexican-American individuals (M = 30.4 yr.). The batterers frequently scored higher than(More)
The mutagenicity of 3 dihydroxybenzene (DHB) and 9 dihydroxynaphthalene (DHN) isomers was examined by using 5 different Ames Salmonella mutagenicity tester strains in the presence and absence of phenobarbital and 5,6-benzoflavone-treated rat liver S9-mix. Of the 3 DHB isomers, 1,4-DHB (hydroquinone) was mutagenic, and of the 9 DHN isomers, 1,3-DHN(More)
We have previously reported the novel lead compound 1a as a CCR5 antagonist for treatment of HIV-1 infection. SAR studies on incorporating various acyl groups as a replacement for the 5-oxopyrrolidine-3-carbonyl group of the lead structure resulted in the discovery of N-[3-(4-benzylpiperidin-1-yl)propyl]-N,N'-diphenylurea (4a) with significantly improved(More)
A novel lead compound, N-(3-[4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)piperidin-1-yl]propyl)-1-methyl-5-oxo-N-phenylpyrrolidine-3-carboxamide (1), was identified as a CCR5 antagonist by high-throughput screening using [(125)I]RANTES and CCR5-expressing CHO cells. The IC(50) value of 1 was 1.9 microM. In an effort to improve the binding affinity of 1, a series of(More)
Gender-related personality traits among Mexican-American men and women were examined. The sample consisted of 307 Mexican-Americans (150 women, 157 men) in a predominantly Mexican and Mexican-American community in South Texas. Mexican-American men scored significantly higher than the women on eight masculine items, whereas Mexican-American women scored(More)
Replacement of the 5-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl fragment in the previously reported lead structure with a 1-acetylpiperidin-4-yl group led to the discovery of a novel series of potent CCR5 antagonists. Introduction of small hydrophobic substituents on the central phenyl ring increased the binding affinity, providing low to sub-nanomolar CCR5 antagonists. The(More)
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