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Micromolar concentrations of 4,5- didehydro geranyl geranoic acid (GGA) were able to induce up-regulation of retinoic acid receptor-beta gene expression in human hepatoma-derived cell line, HuH-7, to the same extent as all-trans RA. In chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) assay with retinoic acid response element-beta, GGA and 4,5-didehydro GGA were(More)
HuH-7 cells, a human hepatoma-derived cell line, underwent apoptosis in response to all-trans 3, 7, 11, 15-tetramethyl- 2, 4, 6, 10, 14-hexadecapentaenoic acid, or acyclic retinoid. The retinoid-induced apoptosis was verified by a characteristic step-wise fragmentation of genomic DNA and chromatin condensation. The induction of apoptosis was detected as(More)
Retinoids are known to be of special importance for normal bone growth and development. Recently, we reported that retinoids not only induced osteoblast differentiation, but also inhibited osteoclast formation in vitro. In this study, we examined the osteogenic effects of geranylgeranoic acid (GGA), a chemically synthesized acyclic retinoid, in bone in(More)
All-trans-3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2,4,6,10,14-hexadecapentaenoic acid (designated "acyclic retinoid") induced upregulation of the albumin gene expression at its transcriptional level, whereas all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) induced downregulation of the expression in both PLC/PRF/5 and HuH7 human hepatoma cell lines. These up- and down regulations of the albumin(More)
Microcystin-LR is a liver tumor promoter in the okadaic acid class, a group of potent inhibitors of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A. Because of inhibition of protein phosphatases, microcystin-LR induces hyperphosphorylation of cellular proteins, including cytoskeletal proteins--cytokeratins 8 and 18--and causes morphological changes in mouse hepatocytes in(More)
Recently, we have found two major physiological forms of retinoid X receptor alpha (RXR alpha): the mature 54 kDa RXR alpha and the truncated 44 kDa RXR alpha lacking a portion of N-terminal A/B domain in human and rodent livers. In this communication, we show that m-calpain was active to digest 54 kDa RXR alpha in the human hepatoma-derived cell line,(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a potent inhibitor of the proliferation of many cell types. We investigated the effects of TGF-beta1 on cyclin D1, cyclin A, p21, p27, and p53 mRNA expressions in primary cultured rat hepatocytes by the reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. TGF-beta1 decreased the level of cyclin A(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Acyclic retinoid (AR; all trans-3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2,4,6,10,14-hexadecapentaenoic acid) prevented hepatocarcinogenesis in animal models and in a randomized clinical trial by eradicating premalignant and latent malignant clones of transformed cells from the liver. We investigated the possible mechanism of this clonal deletion at the(More)
To explore the molecular mechanism underlying the translocation of cytochrome c from the mitochondrial inner membrane to the cytosol during apoptosis, we analyzed the molecular interaction between cytochrome c and cardiolipin (CL) by (1)H NMR spectroscopy. Bovine heart CL induced a drastic broadening of the linewidth of the downfield signals at 31.4 and(More)
Polyisoprenoid alcohols from the livers of temperate sea fish (skipjack tuna, chub mackerel, red sea bream and rainbow trout) were analyzed by using 2D-TLC, electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry and NMR methods. Dolichols (Dols) were detected in all the fish livers, and they were composed of 19-22 isoprene units with Dol-20 as the predominant(More)