Yoshihiro Shidoji

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A polyclonal antibody was raised against a recombinant ligand binding domain construct of the human retinoid X receptor (RXR) alpha. This antibody reacted with an endogenous 54 kDa nuclear protein from human hepatoma-derived HuH7 cells in immunoblot analyses. Immunoblotting of nuclear proteins from human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and their(More)
Geranylgeranoic acid, a 20-carbon polyprenoic acid (all-trans 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2,4,6,10,14-hexadecatetraenoic acid) and its derivatives were previously developed as synthetic "acyclic retinoids" for cancer chemoprevention. Recently, we demonstrated the natural occurrence of geranylgeranoic acid in various medicinal herbs (Shidoji and Ogawa, 2004). In(More)
The circulating levels of β-carotene are modulated not only by sex, but also by autosomal gene variations and fruit intake. The aim of this study was to investigate the interactions between β-carotene metabolism-related gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; genetic factors) and nutrient intake (environmental factors) relating to their effects on(More)
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1/KDM1A), a histone-modifying enzyme, is upregulated in many cancers, especially in neuroblastoma, breast cancer and hepatoma. We have established a simple method to measure LSD1 activity using a synthetic N-terminal 21-mer peptide of histone H3, which is dimethylated at Lys-4 (H3K4me2). After the enzyme reaction, a(More)
The acyclic diterpenoid acid geranylgeranoic acid (GGA) has been reported to induce autophagic cell death in several human hepatoma-derived cell lines; however, the molecular mechanism for this remains unknown. In the present study, several diterpenoids were examined for ability to induce XBP1 splicing and/or lipotoxicity for human hepatoma cell lines. Here(More)
Mutant p53 proteins in human hepatoma cell lines such as HuH-7 (Y220C) and PLC/PRF/5 (R249S) accumulate in the cytoplasm, and lose their transcriptional function. Geranylgeranoic acid (GGA) is a naturally occurring acyclic diterpenoid that induces cell death in both cell lines, but not in HepG2 cells harboring wild-type p53. Here, we demonstrate that(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plays crucial roles in cell survival and differentiation of neuroblastoma cells. In the present study, we investigated the effects of geranylgeranoic acid (GGA), an acyclic retinoid, on differentiation and tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) gene expression in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells in comparison with ATRA.(More)
Geranylgeranoic acid (GGA) is one of the most potent cancer-preventive acyclic retinoids. GGA has been shown to induce cell death in human hepatoma-derived HuH-7 cells. We have recently reported the natural occurrence of GGA and its related compounds in several medicinal herbs such as turmeric, basil, rosehip, cinnamon and others [Shidoji and Ogawa, J.(More)
The mitochondrial (mt) DNA C5178A and A10398G polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with mental disorders such as bipolar disorder. However, the effects of these polymorphisms on temperament in healthy people are poorly understood. Evaluating healthy subjects can have the advantage of providing new strategies for maintaining psychological health(More)