Yoshihiro Sato

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CONTEXT Stroke increases the risk of subsequent hip fracture by 2 to 4 times. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for both ischemic stroke and osteoporotic fractures in elderly men and women. Treatment with folate and mecobalamin (vitamin B12) may improve hyperhomocysteinemia. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether treatment with folate and vitamin B12(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Exercise may enhance the effect of alendronate on bone mineral density (BMD) and reduce chronic back pain in elderly women with osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether whole-body vibration exercise would enhance the effect of alendronate on lumbar BMD and bone turnover, and reduce chronic back pain in postmenopausal(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin D supplementation is suggested to reduce the risk of falls among ambulatory or institutionalized elderly subjects. The present study was undertaken to address the reduced risk of falls and hip fractures in patients with long-standing stroke by vitamin D supplementation. METHODS Ninety-six elderly women with poststroke hemiplegia were(More)
The present study was conducted to determine the beneficial effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in addition to muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on the walking ability in the elderly. Sixty-seven elderly participants were divided into two groups; the WBV exercise plus routine exercises group (n=40) and the routine exercises(More)
Incidence of hip fracture among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is high, especially in elderly women. To determine effects of various factors on hip fracture risk, we prospectively studied fractures in a cohort of 115 elderly patients of both genders with PD (46 men, 69 women; mean age, 71.9 years) for 1 year. At baseline, we recorded body mass index(More)
Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are at increased risk for falls and hip fractures. To better understand causes and prevention, we measured bone mineral density (BMD) in the second metacarpals of 46 ambulatory elderly women with AD and analyzed its relation to serum biochemical indices, sunlight exposure, and vitamin D intake. BMD was significantly(More)
BACKGROUND There is a high incidence of hip fractures in patients after hemiplegic stroke. Bone mineral density is decreased on the hemiplegic side in patients after stroke, correlating with the immobilization-induced bone resorption, the degree of paralysis, and hypovitaminosis D. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of risedronate(More)
Spongiform encephalopathy was transmitted to mice from a patient belonging to the “Sch” family with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker's disease (GSS). Incubation periods in the first passage were much shorter than those in mice infected with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Clinical and pathologic findings of mice infected with both disease were almost identical.(More)
Advanced abdominal malignancies are occasionally invasive for the major blood vessels, such as the portal vein (PV), inferior vena cava (IVC), and major hepatic veins (HVs), and complete removal of the tumors is required for patients undergoing vascular resection and reconstruction. We used left renal vein (LRV) grafts for vascular reconstruction in(More)
Although systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have concluded that vitamin K is effective in preventing fractures, the effect of vitamin K on the skeleton remains a matter of controversy. The objective of the present review of the literature was to evaluate the effect of vitamin K supplementation on the skeleton of(More)