Yoshihiro Oya

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Inhibitory coreceptors are thought to play important roles in maintaining immunological homeostasis, and a defect in the negative signals from inhibitory coreceptors may lead to the development of autoimmune diseases. We have recently identified B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA), a new inhibitory coreceptor expressed on immune cells, and we suggest that(More)
OBJECTIVE B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA), a coreceptor expressed on lymphocytes, was recently described as an inhibitory coreceptor that negatively regulates lymphocyte activation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of BTLA in the regulation of immune homeostasis and the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. METHODS We examined the levels(More)
MRL/Mp-Fas (lpr) (MRL-lpr) mice develop a systemic autoimmune disease and are considered to be a good model for systemic lupus erythematosus in humans. We have recently shown that mice lacking B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA), an inhibitory co-receptor expressed mainly on lymphocytes, on a 129SvEv background spontaneously develop lymphocytic(More)
BACKGROUND Lacrimal gland enlargement (LGE) is one of the characteristics of Mikulicz's disease (MD). Recently, marked serum IgG4 elevation and infiltration of IgG4-positive plasmacytes in the enlarged exocrine glands have been reported in MD patients. However, little is known about the role of CD4+ T cells and their cytokines in IgG4-related diseases. The(More)
We have generated mice doubly deficient in both synthesis and degradation of galactosylceramide by cross-breeding twitcher mice and galactosylceramide synthase (UDP-galactose:ceramide galactosyltransferase, CGT) knockout mice. The prediction that the phenotype of the doubly deficient mice should be the same as the cgt -/- mice, since the degrading enzyme(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an immune mediated inflammatory disorder, and immune suppressive drugs are prescribed. RA patients receiving treatments are in a kind of immunosuppressive condition that presents increased risk of developing active tuberculosis. Accurate diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is recommended for RA. QuantiFERON®-TB(More)
BTLA, a recently cloned coreceptor expressed on lymphocytes, negatively regulates cell activation by recruiting SHP-1/SHP-2. However, the mechanisms that regulate the intracellular localization of BTLA and its trafficking to the cell surface in T cells are still unknown. To determine the mechanisms that regulate the expression of BTLA on the surface of T(More)
Cross-breeding of mouse mutants, each defective in either synthesis (CGT knockout) or degradation (twitcher) of galactosylceramide, generates hybrids with a genotype of galc -/-, cgt +/-, in addition to doubly deficient mice. They are ideally suited to test the potential usefulness of limiting synthesis of the substrate as a treatment of genetic disorders(More)