Yoshihiro Otaki

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Variable cDNA regions in the VP2 gene of five highly virulent infectious bursal disease viruses (IBDVs) isolated in Japan were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced. The nucleotide sequences of five highly virulent IBDVs were identical. Comparisons of the nucleotide and the deduced amino acid sequences with those of other strains of(More)
Highly virulent infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was isolated from field cases, and the pathogenicity of the isolates was examined in specific-pathogen-free chickens. Chickens inoculated with the isolates developed severe clinical disease with a high mortality rate. Histopathologically, infectious bursal disease was characterized by bursal and thymic(More)
Recombinant baculoviruses were constructed to express the putative proteins VP1, VP2 or VP3 of the chicken anemia virus (CAV). The recombinant VP1, VP2 or VP3 were detected by SDS-PAGE, and their molecular weights were 50, 30/27 and 16 kDa, respectively. The VP2 and VP3 reacted with sera from CAV-infected chickens in Western blot analysis and when used as(More)
The genomic DNA of chicken anemia virus (CAV) was cloned and sequenced from a Japanese isolate CAA82-2. The nucleotide sequence of CAA82-2 isolate was 98% identical with that of the European Cuxhaven-1 strain (Noteborn et al., J. Virol. 65, 3131-3139, 1991). Nine open reading frames (ORFs) consisting of more than 100 nucleotides were found, i.e., four ORFs(More)
A monoclonal antibody (MAb) to infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) that has virus-neutralizing activity was bound to polystyrene latex microspheres The microspheres agglutinated with extracts of bursae from chickens infected with IBDV. Agglutination was inhibited in a competitive manner by adding serum obtained from IBDV-infected chickens. The level of(More)
Peristomal infection is a common complication following percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement. This study investigated the effect of gastric acidity on peristomal infection, including type of bacteria and the relationship between bacteria cultured from the oropharynx and PEG tube site. Sixty-seven patients with dysphagia underwent PEG(More)
Long Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, that spontaneously develop hepatitis, were found to possess autoantibodies to liver microsomal proteins (anti-LM) before the development of hepatitis. Anti-LM antibody was assumed to appear in association with the lethal hepatitis in the LEC rats. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an(More)
Abnormal feathers, characterized by thinness and increased transparency of the calamus and rachis, and loss of barbs, were induced at a high frequency by inoculating day-old chicks with reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) propagated in chicken-embryo fibroblast (CEF) cultures. The few birds that survived inoculation with oncogenic stock of REV derived from(More)