Yoshihiro Noguchi

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The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of influenza virus-induced pneumonia in mice was investigated. Experimental influenza virus pneumonia was produced with influenza virus A/Kumamoto/Y5/67(H2N2). Both the enzyme activity of NO synthase (NOS) and mRNA expression of the inducible NOS were greatly increased in the mouse lungs; increases were(More)
The EORTC QLQ-C30 was developed in English-speaking cultures. To determine if this instrument could cross a broad cultural divide and be used in Japan, the cross-cultural validity of its Japanese version was estimated. In evaluating psychometric testing, internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha, item-discrimination by multitrait scaling analysis, and(More)
The purpose of this study was to define the indications and limitations of endoscopic resection (ER) of early gastric carcinoma (EGC). Over the 15 year period from 1978 to 1992, 308 early cancers were resected endoscopically either through a single operative intervention or in stages. Of 266 lesions resected in a single step, 222 (85%) entered remission.(More)
A missense variant of the C677T (Ala --> Val) polymorphism in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) (the T allele) may increase levels of plasma homocysteine. Apolipoprotein E4 increases plasma LDL-cholesterol levels. Increased levels of homocysteine and LDL-cholesterol have been recognized as risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). To(More)
The authors studied age-related correlations of auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) using the conventional 'oddball' paradigm and reaction time in 175 normal subjects, aged between four and 21 years. From four years, the latencies of N100, N200 and P300 in ERP progressively shortened until about 16 to 17 years, after which they reached adult level, but(More)
Although tumor necrosis factor (TNF) initially came to prominence because of its anti-tumor activity, most attention is now focused on its proinflammatory actions. TNF appears to play a critical role in both early and late events involved in inflammation, from localizing the noxious agent and amplifying the cellular and mediator responses at the local site(More)
During a period beginning in 1946 and ending in October of 1978, 1000 cases of solitary early gastric carcinoma were operated on at the Cancer Institute Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. The clinical characteristics and the macroscopic and chronological changes were studied in these cases. Early gastric carcinoma comprised one third of all resected gastric carcinoma.(More)
BACKGROUND Analyses of surgical results for gastric carcinoma often lead to the conclusion that gastric carcinoma occurring in Japan is different from that diagnosed in the U.S. METHODS To elucidate factors that might explain the differences in surgical results between the two countries, the authors compared data from a cancer center and a university(More)
PURPOSE To determine the utility of dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in evaluation of head and neck lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Dynamic MR imaging was performed in 79 head and neck lesions. Five types of time versus signal intensity curves were obtained: type A, curve peaks 0-30 seconds after administration of contrast material; type B, curve(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the 14,017-bp mitochondrial (mt) genome of the articulate brachiopod Laqueus rubellus is presented. Being one of the smallest of known mt genomes, it has an extremely compact gene organization. While the same 13 polypeptides, two rRNAs, and 22 tRNAs are encoded as in most other animal mtDNAs, lengthy noncoding regions are(More)