Yoshihiro Niitsu

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Identification of mechanisms that regulate the number of synapses in the brain has been a key issue for understanding the mechanism of plasticity. Here, we report that the density of synapses can be changed using an antagonist and/or an agonist of serotonin (5-HT) type 2A receptors in the chicken spinal cord. Because of the widespread distribution pattern(More)
Stereoscopic observation via an implanted sight glass in mice bearing transplanted methylcholanthrene-induced A-cells showed tumorivascular hemorrhage at 1-2 h after tumor necrosis factor (TNF) administration, congestion at 4-6 h, and hemorrhage, congestion, and blood circulation blockage at 24 h. Histological examination after TNF administration to mice(More)
Peripheral mononuclear cells from adult T cell leukemia (ATL) patients were analyzed in comparison with other types of leukemia cells, for the expression of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) mRNA, for the presence of TGF-beta activity (colony stimulating activity for normal rat kidney fibroblasts [NRK]) in conditioned medium and for their(More)
A newly synthesized agonist for muscarinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors CS-932, (R)-3-(3-iso-xazoloxy)-1-azabicyclo-[2.2.2]octane hydrochloride, showed a relatively higher affinity for M1 than M2 receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-cells in comparison with ACh. CS-932 elevated the intracellular Ca2+ level only in M1-CHO cells, although ACh(More)
Expression of E-cadherin in 21 patients with various histological types of gastric carcinomas was studied by immunoperoxidase staining. Intercellular boundaries of almost all cancer cells in well and moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas stained as deeply for E-cadherin as normal gastric mucosa. However, singly infiltrating cells of those histological(More)
To explore the mechanism of increased collagen deposition in scirrhous carcinoma of the stomach, an attempt was made to define the role of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), secreted from tumour cells, as a possible humoral factor which functions in a paracrine manner to stimulate the production of collagen in regional fibroblasts.(More)
Human gastric carcinomas were tested for their immunohistochemical reactivity with anti-type I procollagen antiserum. In all specimens of scirrhous carcinomas, staining of the tumour cells was strongly positive, while in medullary carcinomas staining of the tumour cells was generally poor. These results suggest that the tumour cells in scirrhous carcinomas(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the activity and toxicity of docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1 (DCS) combination chemotherapy in patients with unresectable metastatic gastric cancer. METHODS Patients with histologically proven, unresectable metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma, performance status (PS) 0-2, and no prior chemotherapy were eligible. Patients received oral S-1(More)
It has been shown that some types of tumour cells produce activated transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta 1). However, the mechanism for the activation of TGF-beta 1 derived from tumour cells has not been fully elucidated. The present study was undertaken to characterise an activator of latent TGF-beta 1 secreted from a human gastric cancer cell line,(More)
The expression and extracellular release of transferrin receptor (TR) was investigated by in vitro model system of erythroid differentiation. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured with interleukin-3 (IL-3) for 7 days, and with erythropoietin (EPO) for an additional 8 days. After EPO stimulation, IL-3-stimulated blastic cells were serially(More)