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An analysis of 64 patients with congenital stationary night blindness showed that all had essentially normal fundi. Electroretinography (ERG) showed a normal a wave with extremely reduced b wave (negative type) when recorded with a single bright white stimulus in the dark. We classified these patients into two groups based on the evaluation of rod ERG(More)
The on- and off-responses of photopic electroretinogram (ERG) were recorded by rectangular light stimuli in 13 patients with complete type and 9 patients with incomplete type of congenital stationary night blindness. The positive on-response (b-wave) was significantly smaller in both types than in normal subjects (P less than 0.001). The rapid off-response(More)
Tritanopia is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder of human vision characterize by a selective deficiency of blue spectral sensitivity. The defect is manifested within the retina and could be caused by a deficiency in function or numbers (or both) of blue-sensitive cone photoreceptors. We have used PCR, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, and DNA(More)
ISP-1/myriocin is a new type of remarkably potent immunosuppressant, the structure of which is homologous to sphingosine. ISP-1/myriocin inhibited the proliferation of an IL-2-dependent mouse cytotoxic T cell line, CTLL-2, at nanomole concentrations. ISP-1/myriocin inhibits serine palmitoyltransferase activity at picomole concentrations. This enzyme(More)
PURPOSE The b-wave of the human photopic electroretinogram (ERG) elicited by a short-flash increases in amplitude with increasing stimulus intensities at lower stimulus levels, but then decreases at higher stimulus intensities. The purpose of the present study was to explore this phenomenon in more detail, using short- and long-flash stimuli. METHODS The(More)
Electroretinograms (ERGs) were elicited by hemicircular (half-disc) stimuli to the upper, lower, temporal and nasal maculas of 26 normal subjects, and the amplitudes and implicit times of the ERGs from opposing macular regions were compared. The amplitudes of a-wave, b-wave and oscillatory potentials (OPs) were significantly larger in the upper macular(More)
  • Y Miyake
  • 1990
Studies of the focal macular electroretinogram (ERG) have been made with special reference to oscillatory potentials (OPs) by using a fundus monitoring system in humans. Human macular OPs consist of 3 to 4 wavelets (mean peak interval, approximately 6.5 msec). The distribution of OPs in relation to those in a- and b-waves was studied. The amplitudes of(More)
The time perception mechanism in anticipatory timing control was investigated in a synchronization tapping task. An especially negative asynchrony phenomenon in which the tap onset precedes the stimulus onset was used as an anticipatory response. In this experiment, to clarify the effects of higher brain functions, such as attention, a dual-task method was(More)
Ten patients with the incomplete type of congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) were examined with a 30 Hz flicker electroretinogram (ERG). After 30 min of dark adaptation, 30 Hz flicker ERG was recorded continuously for 12-15 min under white background illumination. All patients showed an exaggerated increase of amplitude and a universal(More)
To evaluate the role of dietary factors in the etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we conducted a multicenter hospital-based case-control study in a Japanese population. Cases were IBD patients aged 15 to 34 years [ulcerative colitis (UC) 111 patients; Crohn's disease (CD) 128 patients] within 3 years after diagnosis in 13 hospitals. One control(More)