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DNA methylation is a major epigenetic mechanism for gene silencing. Whereas methyltransferases mediate cytosine methylation, it is less clear how unmethylated regions in mammalian genomes are protected from de novo methylation and whether an active demethylating activity is involved. Here, we show that either knockout or catalytic inactivation of the DNA(More)
To evaluate the effect of body composition on outcomes after hepatic resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We performed 190 hepatic resections for HCC and divided the patients into 2 groups on the basis of visceral fat area (VFA), assessed by computed tomographic measurement at the level of the umbilicus, into high VFA (H-VFA) (n =(More)
DNA ligase I belongs to a family of proteins that bind to proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) via a conserved 8-amino-acid motif [1]. Here we examine the biological significance of this interaction. Inactivation of the PCNA-binding site of DNA ligase I had no effect on its catalytic activity or its interaction with DNA polymerase beta. In contrast,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess whether spironolactone treatment reduces the high incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular (CCV) morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. BACKGROUND Aldosterone receptor blockers reduce cardiac-related events, but the efficacy of the agents in HD patients is unclear. METHODS A 3-year randomized(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of various muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) antagonists, including selective M2 and M3 mAChR antagonists, on bladder overactivity. It has been proposed that the urothelium modulates the activity of bladder afferent pathways. However, the differential roles of mAChR subtypes in local bladder afferent activation(More)
Retrospective study. To identify the clinical significance of coexistence of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) with thoracic ossification of ligamentum flavum (OLF), and to study the surgical outcome of the thoracic OLF patients with or without LSS. The OLF at the thoracic level (thoracic OLF) is a rare disease that causes acquired thoracic spinal canal(More)
Cellular DNA is constantly exposed to the risk of oxidation. 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is one of the major DNA lesions generated by oxidation, which is primarily corrected by base excision repair. When it is not repaired prior to replication, replicative DNA polymerases yield misinsertion of an adenine (A) opposite the 8-oxoG on the template strand, generating(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory joint disease, including angiogenesis and synovitis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by progressive synovitis and subsequent bone destruction mediated by osteoclasts (OCs). In this study, we investigate the effects of VEGF(More)
BACKGROUND Protein-energy malnutrition and decreased quality of life (QOL) are common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Although several studies have proved that regular exercise has beneficial effects, few control studies have shown the effects of exercise training on the nutritional status and QOL in HD patients. METHODS Fifty-five HD patients were(More)
In the Toshiba software factory, quality control and productivity improvements are primary concerns. Emphasis is placed on reusing existing software modules that have been proven correct through actual operation. To achieve a substantial degree of reuse, the software design process is viewed at several levels of abstraction. In this paper, these levels of(More)