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Early-onset epileptic encephalopathies (EOEE) are severe neurological disorders characterized by frequent seizures accompanied by developmental regression or retardation. Whole-exome sequencing of 12 patients together with five pairs of parents and subsequent Sanger sequencing in additional 328 EOEE patients identified two de novo frameshift and one(More)
Twenty hemiplegic patients were studied with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) of the biceps brachii (BB) and the abductor pollicis brevis muscles (APB) were recorded on both sides simultaneously. TMS was carried out with an 8-shaped coil over different scalp positions in the intact hemisphere. Bilateral MEPs of BB were(More)
BACKGROUND Duplications involving the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) locus at Xq28 have been frequently identified in male patients who exhibit a phenotype unique from that of Rett syndrome, which is mainly characterized by severe mental retardation, recurrent infections, and epilepsy. This combination of features is recognized as MECP2(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relation between outcome and treatment with steroids and gammaglobulin in children with acute necrotizing encephalopathy. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the clinical course and outcome of 34 children with acute necrotizing encephalopathy. They were divided into two groups; 17 patients with brainstem lesion and 17 patients(More)
The severity of intellectual sequelae and prognosis varies in patients with congenital ocular motor apraxia (COMA). Here, we explored this phenomenon with regard to the accompanying oculomotor signs and gross motor development, as well as the subtentorial structure defects. Ten patients diagnosed with COMA (M:F=4:6, 4-37 years old) were reviewed. Four(More)
A 7-year-old female with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes developed epileptic negative myoclonus (ENM) seizures during carbamazepine (CBZ) treatment. She had experienced nocturnal partial seizures since 5 years of age. Interictal electroencephalography demonstrated typical rolandic discharges. Valproate was first initiated at 6 years of(More)
We studied a 13-year-old girl with unilateral extensive cortical dysplasia who had mild hemiparesis with mirror movement and no sensory deficit. Transcranial focal magnetic stimulation (TMS) to the unaffected hemisphere elicited bilateral motor evoked potentials (MEPs) of the abductor pollicis brevis muscle (APB) with similar latency and amplitude. The(More)
One hundred sixty-four patients with Down syndrome (DS) were confirmed in Tottori Prefecture, Japan, from 1980 to 1999. The sex ratio of 1.52 (99 males and 65 females) was comparable to that reported in previous studies. The live birth prevalence per 1,000 was 1.52 (95% CI: 1.29-1.75) from 1980 to 1999, with a prevalence of 1.34 (95% CI: 1.05-1.63) recorded(More)
OBJECTIVE Gaucher disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by a deficiency of glucocerebrosidase. Although enzyme-replacement and substrate-reduction therapies are available, their efficacies in treating the neurological manifestations of GD are negligible. Pharmacological chaperone therapy is hypothesized to offer a new strategy for(More)
Entropy measurement can discriminate among complex systems, including deterministic, stochastic and composite systems. We evaluated the changes of approximate entropy (ApEn) in signals of the electroencephalogram (EEG) during sleep. EEG signals were recorded from eight healthy volunteers during nightly sleep. We estimated the values of ApEn in EEG signals(More)