Yoshihiro Kumagai

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We previously reported that intracarotid infusion of leukotriene C4 (LTC4) causes a selective increase in vascular permeability within brain tumor capillaries in experimental rat brain tumor. Normal brain capillaries are rich in gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GTP), an enzyme which converts LTC4 to leukotriene D4 (LTD4), and acts as an 'enzymatic(More)
Peyer's patches (PPs) are potential sites where specific mucosal immune responses and oral tolerance are induced. The unique features of these immune responses are thought to occur in micromilieu and are largely affected by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) such as dendritic cells. In this study, we investigated the cytokine profiles induced by the activation(More)
Two alloantisera against hybridoma-derived IgE detected allotypic determinants expressed on the murine s chain. An antiserum raised in BALB/c mice against monoclonal IgE of C57BL/6 origin reacted exclusively with IgE of strains having Igh-1b (IgG2a) allotype. The second antiserum, C57BL/6 anti-BALB/c monoclonal IgE, reacted with IgE of strains having(More)
Besides various gastroduodenal diseases, Helicobacter pylori infection may be involved in autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Such autoimmune disorders are often associated with autoreactive antibodies produced by B-1 cells, a subpopulation of B lymphocytes. These B-1 cells are mainly located in the(More)
The amount of an Ag used for stimulation affects the type and magnitude of T cell responses. In this study we have investigated the primary response of naive CD4(+) T cells derived from OVA-specific TCR-transgenic mice (OVA23-3) upon stimulation with varying doses of the antigenic peptide, OVA(323-339). IL-4 expression was maximal with 50 nM Ag and(More)
For the analysis of mucosal immunity to HIV-1, we have recently established a line of transgenic (Tg) mice expressing the TCRalpha and TCRbeta genes of the murine CTL clone RT1 specific for P18-I10 (RGPGRAFVTI), an immunodominant gp160 envelope-derived epitope of IIIB isolate, restricted by the H-2D(d) MHC-I molecule. Here we examine those cells bearing(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in providing an appropriate fetal/maternal balance between Th1 and Th2 during pregnancy. The Th1/Th2 balance seems to be regulated mainly by two distinct DC subsets, DEC-205(+) DCs having the capacity to establish Th1 polarization and 33D1(+) DCs to induce Th2 dominance. Pregnancy is established and maintained by(More)
Gastric colonization of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) occurs in a very early age via infected mothers having H. pylori-specific IgG antibodies that would be transplacentally transferred to infants. In addition, H. pylori urease-specific IgG was associated with chronic gastric atrophy and post-immunization gastritis is usually correlated with a strong(More)
Oral administration of a certain dose of antigen can generally induce immunological tolerance against the same antigen. In this study, we showed the temporal appearance of ovalbumin (OVA) antigens in both portal and peripheral blood of mice after the oral administration of OVA. Furthermore, we detected 45,000 MW OVA in mouse serum 30 min after the oral(More)
Individual animals in the closed colony population of ddY mice were analyzed to clarify the major cause of age-dependent elevation of serum IgA and the appearance of human IgA nephropathy (IgAN)-like symptoms. Based on the serum IgA levels, the mice were classified into two subgroups. One was a high serum IgA group with some manifestations of IgAN through(More)