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It has been difficult to characterize murine bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) because of contamination with hematopoietic cells. We took advantage of the rapid proliferation of MPCs after replating to enrich murine MPCs by transfection with a retroviral vector carrying both LacZ and the selective neomycin resistance (neoR) gene.(More)
Neuroblastoma, one of the most common pediatric solid tumors, is characterized by two extreme disease courses, spontaneous regression and life-threatening progression. Here, we conducted a genome-wide search for differences in DNA methylation that distinguish between neuroblastomas of the two types. Three CpG islands (CGI) and two groups of CGIs were found(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Congenital bronchial atresia (CBA) usually presents incidentally in asymptomatic young male adults but is rarely diagnosed in children. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical characteristics of CBA in childhood and to describe the spectrum of this condition. METHODS The clinical features in 29 patients with CBA, aged from 1(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Fetal tracheal occlusion (TO) accelerates lung growth in normal and hypoplastic fetal lung. The mechanism of accelerated lung growth remains unknown but may be a result of growth factor induction. Previous studies of growth factors induced by tracheal ligation have characterized mRNA rather than protein expression. Although the(More)
OBJECTIVES To document outcome and to explore prognostic factors in fetal left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS This was a multicenter retrospective study of 109 patients with prenatally diagnosed isolated left CDH born between 2002 and 2007. The primary outcome was intact discharge, defined as discharge from hospital without major(More)
The authors report a case of laryngeal atresia (congenital high airway obstruction syndrome [CHAOS]) that was diagnosed prenatally. The patient underwent successfully tracheostomy by ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT). The fetal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging MRI showed a typical CHAOS pattern with expanded hyperechogenic lungs, inverted(More)
BACKGROUND Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare subset of CDH, most of the information derived from small series or case reports. The aim of this study was to document the clinical manifestations of late-presenting CDH using a large multicenter database. METHODS Information about late-presenting CDH (diagnosed at later than 30(More)
PURPOSE In 1996, the Japan Wilms Tumor Study (JWiTS) group was founded to elucidate the efficacy and safety of the regimen established by the National Wilms Tumor Study (NWTS) group in the USA, and a multicenter cooperative study (JWiTS-1) was started in Japan. This report reviews the results of JWiTS-1. METHODS A total of 307 patients with malignant(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The high mortality rate of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is ascribed generally to pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension characterized by associated pulmonary arterial structural changes. Prenatal tracheal occlusion (TO) accelerates lung growth, but the effect of TO on pulmonary arterial structure in CDH has(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The aims of this study were to analyze the outcomes of fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated by a lung-protective strategy using high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in a single center with a perinatology service and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) capability and to define the natural history of(More)