Yoshihiro Ito

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Cleft palate and skull malformations represent some of the most frequent congenital birth defects in the human population. Previous studies have shown that TGFbeta signaling regulates the fate of the medial edge epithelium during palatal fusion and postnatal cranial suture closure during skull development. It is not understood, however, what the functional(More)
Palatal fusion is a complex, multi-step developmental process; the consequence of failure in this process is cleft palate, one of the most common birth defects in humans. Previous studies have shown that regression of the medial edge epithelium (MEE) upon palatal fusion is required for this process, and TGF-beta signaling plays an important role in(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF) -beta3 is known to selectively regulate the disappearance of murine medial edge epithelium (MEE) during palatal fusion. Previous studies suggested that the selective function of TGF-beta3 in MEE was conducted by TGF-beta receptors. Further studies were needed to demonstrate that the TGF-beta signaling mediators were indeed(More)
Smad4 is a central intracellular effector of TGF-beta signaling. Smad-independent TGF-beta pathways, such as those mediated by p38 MAPK, have been identified in cell culture systems, but their in vivo functional mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of TGF-beta signaling in tooth and palate development and noted that conditional(More)
BACKGROUND It has been proposed that 0.5-mm-slice multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is a noninvasive tool for the detection of atherosclerotic plaque, but the validity of such an assessment has not been demonstrated by an invasive investigation. The present study was performed to compare the 0.5-mm-slice MSCT density of plaques with intravascular(More)
We report on the very-low-frequency earthquakes occurring in the transition zone of the subducting plate interface along the Nankai subduction zone in southwest Japan. Seismic waves generated by very-low-frequency earthquakes with seismic moment magnitudes of 3.1 to 3.5 predominantly show a long period of about 20 seconds. The seismicity of(More)
During craniofacial development, Meckel's cartilage and the mandible bone derive from the first branchial arch, and their development depends upon the contribution of cranial neural crest (CNC) cells. We previously demonstrated that conditional inactivation of Tgfbr2 in the neural crest of mice (Tgfbr2(fl/fl);Wnt1-Cre) results in severe defects in(More)
The BCL6 gene is frequently disrupted at its 5' noncoding region by 3q27 chromosomal translocations in B-cell lymphoma. As a result of translocation, BCL6 is juxtaposed to reciprocal partners, such as the immunoglobulin (Ig) gene family. Besides the Ig loci, multiple non-Ig partners of the BCL6 translocation have been reported. Here we describe the(More)
— This paper investigates the effect of the mean and jitter of end–to–end delay on user–level QoS of live audio-video transmission. The temporal structure of continuous media can be disturbed by delay jitter of packets. The temporal disturbance causes subjective degradation of the media. On the other hand, long end–to–end delay also degrades quality of live(More)
As a developmental precursor for diverse periodontal tissues, the dental follicle (DF) harbors great promise for periodontal tissue regeneration. However, development of optimal therapy awaits the answer to a key question that impinges on many issues in development-Do adult progenitor tissues form a homogeneous cell population that differentiates into(More)