Yoshihiro Ishikawa

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Mammalian models of longevity are related primarily to caloric restriction and alterations in metabolism. We examined mice in which type 5 adenylyl cyclase (AC5) is knocked out (AC5 KO) and which are resistant to cardiac stress and have increased median lifespan of approximately 30%. AC5 KO mice are protected from reduced bone density and susceptibility to(More)
Vascular remodeling after mechanoinjury largely depends on the migration of smooth muscle cells, an initial key step to wound healing. However, the role of the second messenger system, in particular, the cAMP signal, in regulating such remodeling remains controversial. Exchange protein activated by cAMP (Epac) has been identified as a new target molecule of(More)
Various neurotrophic factors that promote axonal regeneration have been investigated in vivo, but the signals that prompt neurons to send out processes in peripheral nerves after axotomy are not well understood. Previously, we have shown oxidized galectin-1 (GAL-1/Ox) promotes initial axonal growth after axotomy in peripheral nerves. However, the mechanism(More)
Despite numerous discoveries from genetically engineered mice, relatively few have been translated to the bedside, mainly because it is difficult to translate from genes to drugs. This investigation examines an antiviral drug, which also has an action to selectively inhibit type 5 adenylyl cyclase (AC5), a pharmaceutical correlate of the AC5 knockout (KO)(More)
The sympathetic nervous system is designed to respond to stress. Adenylyl cyclase (AC) is the keystone of sympathetic transmission, yet its role in response to acute overload in the heart or in the pathogenesis of heart failure is controversial. We examined the effects of pressure overload, induced by thoracic aortic banding, in mice in which type 5 AC, a(More)
Adenylyl cyclase, a major target enzyme of beta-adrenergic receptor signals, is potently and directly inhibited by P-site inhibitors, classic inhibitors of this enzyme, when the enzyme catalytic activity is high. Unlike beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists, this is a non- or uncompetitive inhibition with respect to ATP. We have examined whether we can(More)
Although it has been shown that Epac1 mRNA is expressed ubiquitously and Epac2 mRNA predominantly in the brain and endocrine tissues, developmental and pathophysiological changes of these molecules have not been characterized. Developmental changes were analyzed in murine heart, brain, kidneys, and lungs by RT-PCR analysis, which revealed more drastic(More)
Cell survival and death play critical roles in tissues composed of post-mitotic cells. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) has been known to exert a distinct effect on cell susceptibility to apoptosis, protecting neuronal cells and deteriorating myocardial cells. These effects are primarily studied using protein kinase A activation. In this study we show the differential(More)
Type 2 diabetes is preceded by the development of insulin resistance, in which the action of insulin is impaired, largely in skeletal muscles. Caveolin-3 (Cav3) is a muscle-specific subtype of caveolin, an example of a scaffolding protein found within membranes. Cav is also known as growth signal inhibitor, although it was recently demonstrated that the(More)