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The purpose of this study was to examine the hypothesis if repetition of mild mechanical brain injury induces the pathological process related to Alzheimer's disease. After defining the magnitude of the subthreshold brain injury which does not induce brain tissue damage by a single hit, the subthreshold mild impact (1.0 atm) was repeated 7 times every 24 h.(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophils in unstable atherosclerotic lesions have not received much consideration, despite accumulating evidence suggesting a link between systemic inflammation and acute coronary syndromes. METHODS AND RESULTS Coronary artery segments were obtained at autopsy from 13 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI); 8 had a ruptured and 5 an(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE An animal model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was developed with coiled clips applied to both carotid arteries of adult Mongolian gerbils for between 1 week and 2 months. In the brain of this animal model, rarefaction of white matter with dilatation of the ventricles was frequently observed. To better understand the mechanism of(More)
The microtubule-associated protein tau is abnormally hyperphosphorylated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. To date, 21 phosphorylated sites of tau have been identified. In the present study the levels of phosphorylation at Ser199/Ser202, Thr231/Ser235, Ser262/Ser356 and Ser396/Ser404 of tau in AD brain homogenate and its 100,000 x g supernatant were(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-associated gastroduodenal ulcers (GDU) are a rare digestive disease, which principally affect immunocompromised patients. We recently experienced CMV-associated GDU occurring in a seemingly immunocompetent patient. The rarity of such a condition was inimical to a correct clinical diagnosis.A 77-year-old woman with Alzheimer's disease(More)
Endothelin-1, a powerful vasoconstrictor, forms the endothelin system together with endothelin-converting enzyme and endothelin type A and type B receptors. These endothelin system components are considered to participate in inflammatory and wound healing responses. Previous reports have suggested a role for the endothelin-1 in the pathology of Crohn's(More)
Microtubule-associated protein tau has been reported to be significantly increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), which suggests that it is possibly a biological marker for the diagnosis of AD. The underlying mechanism of the increased tau level in CSF, however, is not known. In this study, the tau levels were(More)
The neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening complication of neuroleptic treatment. To elucidate the pathogenesis of NMS, an animal model has been developed. Experimental rabbits treated with haloperidol (1 mg/kg) by intramuscular injection, were studied for the diagnostic symptoms of increased muscle rigidity, elevated body temperature,(More)
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