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Lines of evidence indicate that both the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) (areas 45/12) and dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) (rostral F2 in area 6) are crucially involved in conditional visuomotor behavior, in which it is required to determine an action based on an associated visual object. However, virtually no direct projections appear to exist between(More)
We examined the organization of multisynaptic projections from the basal ganglia (BG) to the dorsal premotor area in macaques. After injection of the rabies virus into the rostral sector of the caudal aspect of the dorsal premotor area (F2r) and the caudal sector of the caudal aspect of the dorsal premotor area (F2c), second-order neuron labeling occurred(More)
We made a detailed source analysis of the magnetic field responses that were elicited in the human brain by different monosyllabic speech sounds, including vowel, plosive, fricative, and nasal speech. Recordings of the magnetic field responses from a lateral area of the left hemisphere of human subjects were made using a multichannel SQUID magnetometer,(More)
Genetic factors, such as apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphisms, are thought to play an important role in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent association studies have suggested that the Val66Met polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene could play a role in the development of AD. To identify genotypic effects of the BDNF(More)
Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) studies have revealed enhancement of neural activity of the N1m response of auditory evoked fields in long-term trained musicians, reflecting neuroplastic modification of the representation of the auditory cortex. In contrast, the amplitude of the P2 response of auditory evoked potentials is modified by musical experience, with(More)
Measurements of neuromagnetic fields were made for the responses to visually presented words comprised of Japanese characters (phonograms), and for comparison of responses to single characters and character symbols, while subjects performed, respectively, semantic category matching, rhyming, and character matching tasks. The magnetic field responses(More)
Neuromagnetic fields were recorded from normal subjects to study the time course of cerebral neural activation while they performed a matching task of visual stimuli in which sequentially presented Japanese characters or unreadable pseudo-characters were compared according to phonological (reading of the characters) or graphical (geometry of the(More)
Meg responses from musicians who had absolute pitch and from non-musicians were measured while they received different auditory stimuli. The parameters of single equivalent current dipoles (ECDs) were calculated for the N1m responses occurring in the auditory cortex. The location of the ECD for the noise burst was significantly posterior to the ECDs for the(More)
In order to locate the coordination center of speech movements in the dominant hemisphere of the normal human brain, we measured magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals from the left frontal area of right-handed subjects while they pronounced different words. A broad response appeared during a period of 120-320 ms before the onset of speech sound, and its(More)
In the caudal part of the dorsal premotor cortex of macaques (area F2), both anatomical and physiological studies have identified two rostrocaudally separate sectors. The rostral sector (F2r) is located medial to the genu of the arcuate sulcus, and the caudal sector (F2c) is located lateral to the superior precentral dimple. Here we examined the sites of(More)