Yoshihiro Hirata

Learn More
Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) studies have revealed enhancement of neural activity of the N1m response of auditory evoked fields in long-term trained musicians, reflecting neuroplastic modification of the representation of the auditory cortex. In contrast, the amplitude of the P2 response of auditory evoked potentials is modified by musical experience, with(More)
Rotavirus is a dsRNA virus that infects epithelial cells that line the surface of the small intestine. It causes severe diarrheal illness in children and ∼500,000 deaths per year worldwide. We studied the mechanisms by which intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) sense rotavirus infection and signal IFN-β production, and investigated the importance of IFN-β(More)
Lines of evidence indicate that both the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) (areas 45/12) and dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) (rostral F2 in area 6) are crucially involved in conditional visuomotor behavior, in which it is required to determine an action based on an associated visual object. However, virtually no direct projections appear to exist between(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) are a first line of defense against microbial pathogens that enter the host through the intestinal tract. Moreover, viral pathogens that infect the host via the intestinal epithelium are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. However, the mechanisms by which viral pathogens activate antiviral defense mechanisms in(More)
c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family, and it is reportedly involved in the development of several cancers. However, the role of JNK in pancreatic cancer has not been elucidated. We assessed t he involvement of JNK in the development of pancreatic cancer and investigated the therapeutic effect of JNK(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infection with Helicobacter pylori possessing the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) is associated with severe gastritis and gastric cancer. CagA protein, one of the products of cag PAI, is translocated into epithelial cells, where cytoskeletal rearrangements occur as a result of CagA tyrosine (Tyr) phosphorylation. Here we identify a new role(More)
Epidemiologically, the association between chronic Helicobacter pylori infection and development of gastric cancer is well established. Although the possibility of preventing gastric cancer by eradicating H. pylori infection was recently investigated by several research groups, the results remain controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether(More)
Helicobacter pylori induces NF-kappaB activation, leading to mucosal inflammation via cag pathogenicity island. Although recent studies have implicated several candidate proteins of both H. pylori and host, the molecular mechanism by which H. pylori activates NF-kappaB remains unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze the mechanism of cag pathogenicity(More)
Few virulence determinants of Helicobacter pylori have been tested in vivo. We conducted this study to establish an animal model for their screening. Six-week-old male Mongolian gerbils were inoculated with wild-type H. pylori (TN2) or its isogenic mutant with deletion of cagE (TN2DeltacagE), total cag pathogenicity island (TN2DeltacagPAI), HP0499(More)
The Rab3 GDP/GTP exchange protein (Rab3 GEP) activates the Rab3 small GTP-binding protein (G protein) family, including Rab3A that is an important member controlling synaptic vesicle trafficking. Here, we examined the role of Rab3 GEP in regulating neurotransmitter release in autapses of mouse hippocampal neurons in culture. The release probability was(More)