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Lines of evidence indicate that both the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) (areas 45/12) and dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) (rostral F2 in area 6) are crucially involved in conditional visuomotor behavior, in which it is required to determine an action based on an associated visual object. However, virtually no direct projections appear to exist between(More)
We examined the organization of multisynaptic projections from the basal ganglia (BG) to the dorsal premotor area in macaques. After injection of the rabies virus into the rostral sector of the caudal aspect of the dorsal premotor area (F2r) and the caudal sector of the caudal aspect of the dorsal premotor area (F2c), second-order neuron labeling occurred(More)
We made a detailed source analysis of the magnetic field responses that were elicited in the human brain by different monosyllabic speech sounds, including vowel, plosive, fricative, and nasal speech. Recordings of the magnetic field responses from a lateral area of the left hemisphere of human subjects were made using a multichannel SQUID magnetometer,(More)
Apraxia of lid opening (ALO) is a syndrome characterized by a non-paralytic inability to open the eyes at will in the absence of visible contraction of the orbicularis oculi muscle. Here we report that globus pallidus internus deep brain stimulation on the right side markedly alleviates ALO as well as gait freezing in a patient with Parkinson's disease.
An animal model of vestibular neuritis was developed by inoculating herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in the auricle of a mouse. Deviation of the body was observed in 4 of 30 mice 6 days after inoculation. These animals were sacrificed 6 to 10 days after inoculation and the vestibular nerve was examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically. The(More)
Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) studies have revealed enhancement of neural activity of the N1m response of auditory evoked fields in long-term trained musicians, reflecting neuroplastic modification of the representation of the auditory cortex. In contrast, the amplitude of the P2 response of auditory evoked potentials is modified by musical experience, with(More)
Embouchure dystonia is a focal task-specific disorder involving abnormal non-coordinated movements and involuntary muscle contraction around the mouth. In professional brass players it is often so disabling that patients have to limit or give up their occupation. We examined the somatosensory homuncular representation and measured gap detection sensitivity(More)
An animal model of vestibular neuritis was developed by inoculating herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) into the auricle of mice. Postural deviation was observed in 5 of 99 mice at 6 to 8 days after inoculation. Following evaluation of the vestibular function, the animals were sacrificed and the vestibular nerves examined for histopathology and(More)
Measurements of neuromagnetic fields were made for the responses to visually presented words comprised of Japanese characters (phonograms), and for comparison of responses to single characters and character symbols, while subjects performed, respectively, semantic category matching, rhyming, and character matching tasks. The magnetic field responses(More)
Neuromagnetic fields were recorded from normal subjects to study the time course of cerebral neural activation while they performed a matching task of visual stimuli in which sequentially presented Japanese characters or unreadable pseudo-characters were compared according to phonological (reading of the characters) or graphical (geometry of the(More)